Interpreting Parnashavari – Goddess of Natural Healing

is also known as the goddess who protects from a contagious illness. Parnashavari is a deity adopted as a deity of diseases, of which is believed to offer effective protection against outbreaks of epidemics.

Parnashavari is called the Mountain Ascetic Wearing Leaves in English. Parnashavari is also known as ri tro ma, lo ma gyun ma in .

The iconography of the Parnashavari

Parnashavari is a who is yellow in color.  Parnashavari has three faces and six hands. The main face of Parnashavari is slightly and wrathful.

Parnashavari has three eyes. Parnashavari tied her hair with a snake in a topknot on the crown of the head. The red face of the Parnashavari is on the left which is in a desirous mood.

And the white face of the Parnashavari on the right is peaceful. The first pair of hands of the Parnashavari holds a gold . And a vajra lasso held to the heart.

The lower of the Parnashamvari is covered with a thatched skirt of fresh leaves which is tied with a yellow ribbon. With the right knee pressing on the disc and seat she sits in a kneeling posture. Flames and a dark blue nimbus surround the entire form.

Parnashavari belongs to the class of and is employed in the eradication of the contagious disease. Various lineages of practice are found in both the and Sarma schools of . Parnashamvari is associated with the mysterious Shavari tribe of .

Depicting Parnashavari Thanka

The of Parnashavari is from the Region. The thangka is made between 1800 – 1899 AD. Parnashavari is from and Buddhist lineage. The base of the is Mineral Pigment on . Currently, this painting is in the .

Blue Buddha

Blue is at the top center of the Parnashamvari in the thangka. Blue Buddha is wearing silks and ornaments.


Chandika is in the lower center of the Parnashamvari in the thangka. Chandika is the wrathful goddess. Chandika is yellow in color.


Achala is in the bottom left of the Parnashamvari in the thangka.  According to the Tradition.

Achala is also known as . Achala refers to the Immovable Kingdom and is the best known of the Five Vidyarajas of the . The term Acala means immovable.

Acala is also the name of the eighth of the ten completion stages of the path. His Siddham seed-syllable is ham. He is one of the Krodharajas, the Lords of Wrath.

He is considered as a body of metamorphosis of Buddha. He is the symbolic protector of , essentially incarnating Prajna Immovable for sentient beings. Acala is a principal protector of Buddhism as the destroyer of delusion and passion.

His immovability refers to that aspect of Buddha Nature which is forever unmoved perfectly stable and unchanging. Despite his fearsome appearance his role is to aid all beings by showing them the true of the of the Buddha. He is leading them into perfect mental discipline.


is on the bottom right side of the Parnashamvari in the thangka. Simhamukha is the wrathful goddess. The background of the Parnashamvara there is portrayed as a lush green rich with various of wish-fulfilling jewels and auspicious objects arranged as petitioning the special favors of the deities.

Parnashavari with Mahakala Thangka

The thangka of Parnashavari with is from . It is made between 1800 – 1899 AD. Parnashavari with Mahakala is from Gelig and Buddhist lineage. The thangka is from the Yonghegong Palace collection.

Parnashavari with Mahakala Thangka Painting

Parnashavari with Mahakala

At the top center is the Gelug founder Tsongkapa. To the left is Nageshvara Raja Buddha. On the right side is .

The central figure is Body-Parnashavari, yellow in color. To the left is black mind-Parnashavari and on the right side is red speech-Parnashavari.

Along the bottom of the beginning on the left side is Chaturmukha Mahakala, Activity Pehar, Shadbhuja Mahakala, Guan Yu, and Shanglon Mahakala.

Depicting Buddhist Deity Parnashavari Thangka

The thangka of Buddhist deity Parnashavari is from China. The thangka of the Buddhist deity Parnashavari is made between 1700 to 1799 AD. Buddhist deity Parnashavari is from the Gelug lineage. Ground mineral pigment on cotton and fine gold is used to color it. Currently, this thangka is in of .

Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen

Lobzang is presented at the top center of the thangka Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen is wearing monastic robes and a yellow cap contrasted against a pink . Lobzang Chokyi Gyaltsen is typical in appearance.

He performs the Teaching (gesture) holding a vajra and with the two hands at the heart. He is richly attired in silk . He is resting on a cushion with an ornate backrest.

Shadbhuja Mahakal

Shadbhuja Mahakala is presented at the bottom center of the thangka. Shadbhuja Mahakala is holding various wrathful objects. He stands above the white supine form of elephant-headed Ganapati.

Shadbhuja Mahakala is completely surrounded by the raging of pristine awareness.

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