Yellow Jambhala traditional thangka is hand-painted on Cotton Canvas in Kathmandu, Nepal. In Hinduism, it is also called Kubera. Jambhala Thangka is the god of prosperity in Buddhism and helps to eradicate poverty.
Yellow Jambhala is depicted in the center of the thangka. Shakyamuni Buddha is presented at the top of the Yellow Jambhala in the thangka. It is pronounced like Dzambhala.
Iconography of Yellow Jambhala
Yellow Jambhala is considered the most popular and powerful Wealth of God. He is the emanation of Buddha Ratnasambhava. He can remove poverty within the six realms, increasing virtues, life span, and wisdom.
He is also said to be an emanation of Vaisravana, one of the “Four Great World-protecting Heavenly Kings”. He is the guardian of light in Buddhism, a great charitable deity who grants fortune and protection. Lord Vaisravana lives in the northern region under the Four Heavens, at the northern crystal palace on the fourth level of Mount Sumeru.
According to the commentary on Lotus Sutra, this heavenly king is extremely knowledgeable as his perpetual protection of the Buddhas has enabled him to receive many teachings. Yellow Jambhala has a yellow-colored body, he sits in the vajra position with his right leg panhandled, his right foot is above a snail and lotus flower, and his left leg is kinked. He has one face and two arms. His left-hand holds a mongoose named Nehulay which spews forth precious jewels from its mouth, while his right-hand holds gems-shaped fruit and the leaf of a lotus.
An ordinary image of Lord Vaisravana is one that holds a precious pagoda on the left, which pours out various treasures. In Tibetan Tantric images, the precious pagoda is replaced by the treasure-emitting mongoose. Yellow Jambhala sits on a lotus, sun disk, and moon disk.
Yellow Jambhala Mantra
The Yellow Jambhala mantra is Om Jambhala Jalendraye Svaha.
Iconography of Shakyamuni Buddha
Shakyamuni Buddha is presented at the top of the Yellow Jambhala in the thangka. His left hand is in his lap holding a begging bowl while the right arm is extended across the leg with the fingers touching the earth.
His skin is golden in color, the eyes partially closed and the hair piled with a gold ornament adorning the top of the head.
A dot (bindi or “urna”) between the eyebrows and the earlobes is elongated and pierced. The shoulders are covered with an orange and red robe wrapped around the torso and legs and tied at the waist with a green sash.
Shakyamuni Buddha Mantra
The Shakyamuni Buddha mantra is Om Muni Muni Maha Muniye Soha.