Theravāda is the most commonly accepted name of Buddhism's oldest existing school.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, Theravāda Buddhists came into direct contact with western ideologies, religions and modern science.
The various responses to this encounter have been called "Buddhist modernism".
After independence, Myanmar held the Sixth Buddhist council (Vesak 1954 to Vesak 1956) to create a new redaction of the Pāli Canon.
The Vipassana movement continued to grow after independence, becoming an international .