Pratyahara or the 'withdrawal of the senses' is the fifth element among the Eight stages of Patanjali's Ashtanga Yoga, as mentioned in his classical work, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali composed in the 2nd century BCE. It is also the first stage of the six-branch yoga (ṣaḍaṅgayoga) of the Buddhist Kālacakra tantra, where it refers to the withdrawal of the five senses from external objects to be replaced by the mentally created senses of an enlightened deity. This phase is roughly analogous to the physical isolation phase of Guhyasamāja tantra.
Raja Yoga is a system which has been found to be most applicable to the mental and physical conditions in which we live. Raja Yoga has eight principles. These are:
Yama—non-killing, truthfulness, non-stealing, continence, and non-receiving of any giftsNiyama—cleanliness, contentment, mortification, study, and self-surrender to good
Pranayama—control of vital body forces
Yama and Niyama
constitute the moral training without which no practice of Yoga will succeed. As this moral code becomes established, .
The Himalayan Mountains have been the home of sages for millennia. These great sages have lived and passed on knowledge of the yogic teachings to disciples who then became masters passing on the teachings in an unbroken lineage since the Vedic period.
Twelve hundred years ago Shankaracharya organized his teaching into five centers of the Himalayan Tradition. As one of those five, our tradition is the Bharati lineage connected with the Shankaracharya at the Shringeri .