The Thangka shows in the center the Bodhisattva Manjushri and surrounding him the Five Dhyani Buddhas – also known as Cosmic Buddhas, Jinas (Conquerors) or Tathagata (the Perfect Ones), which are – in opposite to Shakyamuni – no historical persons:
1. Akshobhya 2. Ratnasambhava 3. Amitabha 4. Vairocana 5. Amoghasiddhi
The Adibuddha expresses the undifferentiated openness from which all forms arise. The Five Dhyani Buddhas, primary emanations of the Adibuddha, each manifest one of the five aspects of enlightened wisdom.
These five Buddhas in meditation are inseparable and represent different aspects of Buddhahood. They incarnated forms of mystical wisdom have been placed in a sophisticated system that has developed over many centuries.
Each one represents a family with their related aspects and a direction.