The traditional system of Tibetan medicine has been practised for over many centuries and is still popular for healing from different diseases. Tibetian medicine is essentially the combination of four tantras:
The first tantra is named as "Root Tantra" and here we can find the brief explanation of all possible diseases. It is compared with the seed.
The second tantra, named as "Explanatory Tantra" is composed of 31 chapters. It has an illustration of .
This painting is a medical thangka. The basic principles of Tibetan medicine were presented in 79 different roll paintings (thangkas). The typical Tibetan herbs are depicted. Each medicinal herb was given a Tibetan name and marked in Tibetan characters. The historical Buddha Siddharta Gautama often referred to himself as a helper against the sufferings of the world and his teachings were the healing medicine. Understandably, the transference led him to be regarded as a physician for .
It is one of the many Tibetan medical thangkas that show medical illustrations. These educational tables were used as illustrations of a medical text ("The Four Tantras") that originated in the 9th century on the basis of Indian and Chinese sources. As a kind of illustrated encyclopedia, these pictures are still used in the traditional Tibetan medical education. The illustrations show an extensive spectrum of the medicine at that .
The application of colour to the thangkacanvas involved two main steps first, filling in the areas of different base colours, and second, the subsequent shading and outlining of those areas.
To these steps there corresponded the two essentially different types of paint in the Tibetan palette
Mineral pigments (rdo tshon and sa tshon) and
The organic dyes or lakes (tshos)
The mineral pigments had to be mixed with a binder before being applied as paints. .