Anne Arundel Hopkins Aitken was an American Zen Buddhist, in the Harada-Yasutani lineage. She co-founded the Honolulu Diamond Sangha in 1959 together with her husband, Robert Baker Aitken.
She purchased both of its properties: the Koko An Zendo and Maui Zendo.
Honolulu Diamond Sangha has been considered "one of several pivotal Buddhist organizations critical to the development of Zen" in western countries.
Anne Aitken was also one of the original founders of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship.
The rise of Buddhism in the world has provided women with a chance to take on new roles in the Buddhist tradition.
Women have become more involved in movements to restore the ordination lineages for nuns in the Theravada and Vajrayana traditions.
This has been a major part of the transformation of Buddhism globally, as women are now seen more often as practitioners and teachers.
While Asian Buddhist women have already made their mark in Buddhist history, .
Zen was introduced in the United States at the end of the 19th century by Japanese teachers who went to America to serve groups of Japanese immigrants and become acquainted with the American culture.
Though its origins are distant, today there are plenty of prominent American Zen .