The Guardians of the Directions are the deities who rule the specific directions of space according to Hinduism and Vajrayāna Buddhism—especially [[Kalachakra|Kālacakra]]. As a group of eight deities, they are called Aṣṭa-Dikpāla (अष्ट-दिक्पाल), literally meaning guardians of eight directions. They are often augmented with two extra deities for the ten directions, when they are known as the Daśa-Dikpāla. In Hinduism it is traditional to represent their images on the walls and ceilings of Hindu temples. They are also often portrayed in Jain temples. Ancient Java and Bali Hinduism recognize Nava-Dikpāla, literally meaning guardians of nine directions, that consist of eight directions with one addition in the center. The nine guardian gods of directions is called Dewata Nawa Sanga. The diagram of these guardian gods of directions is featured in Surya Majapahit, the emblem of Majapahit empire.
Vajriputra is known as the elder is the 5th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats.
The life of Vajriputra
In this portion, we are going to learn about the life of the Vajriputra, after that, we will learn about the short etymological description of the word Vajriputra.
Etymology of Vajriputra
Vajriputra is known as ne ten, dor Je mo Buin in Tibet. And the meaning of Vajriputra is Sthavira Vajriputra in Sanskrit.
Earlier, we learn about the .
Gopaka is the Elders who are known as the 15th and 1st arhats from the set of 16 great arhats. Gopaka is also called principal students of the BuddhaShakyamuni.
The Viability of the Gopaka
In this portion, we are going to learn about the Viability of the Gopaka. After that, we are going to learn about the short etymological description of the word Gopaka itself.
Etymology of the Gopaka
The meaning of Gopaka is ne ten, be .
Abheda is known as the 16th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats, principal students of the BuddhaShakyamuni.
The Entity of Abheda
In this portion, we are going to learn about the entity of Abheda. After that, we will learn the short etymological description of the word Abheda itself.
Etymology of Abheda
Abheda is known as Ne ten, mi che pa in Tibet. And the meaning of Abheda is Sthavira Abheda in Sanskrit.
Earlier, we learn about .
Rahula is the elder of the actual son of the BuddhaShakyamuni and the 10th arhat from the set of 16 Great Arhats. Rahula is known in Buddhist texts for his eagerness for learning and was honored by monks and nuns throughout Buddhisthistory.
The life of the Rahula
In this portion, we are going to talk about the life of Rahula. After that short etymological description of the word Rahula itself.
Etymology of the Rahula
The meaning .
Vanavasin the Elder is the 3rd arhat from the set of 16 great arhats. Vanavasin is also known as presides over the Seven Leaves Mountain with four hundred disciples.
The life of the Vanavasin
In this section, we are going to learn about the life of Vanavasin. And after, we will learn about the short etymological description of the word Vanavasin itself.
Etymology of Vanavasin
Vanavasin is known as Pag pa Ne ten, nag la Ne in Tibet. .
Bakula is also known as the Elder from the set of 16 great arhats. Bakula is typical of the group of arhats and advance in age.
The Life of the Bakula
In this section, we are going to learn about the life of the Bakula. And we will learn about the short etymological description of the word Bakula itself.
Etymology of Bakula
Bakula is known as Sthavira Bakula in Sanskrit.
Earlier, we learn about the life of the Bakula. .
Ajita is the 2nd arhat from the set of 16 great arhats. Ajita is known as ma Pham in Tibet, Sthavira Ajita in Sanskrit.
The Life of the Ajita
Ajita had all the signs of great virtue. He and the daughter of King Prasenajit fell in love and, even though he was a commoner, Ajita gradually proved his worthiness to the king and they were married.
The Buddha explained that in a past life they had made .
Dharmata is the Upasaka of Central Asian or Chinese origin and the layman attendant to the 16 Great Arhats.
Dharmata is the essence of things as they are. Dharmata is the naked, unconditioned truth, the nature of reality, or the true nature of phenomenal existence.
Dharmata is called the Upasaka. Dharmata is also known as Ge yen dharma ta in Tibet.
Previously, we learned about the life of Dharmata. Now, we are going to learn about the .
Angaja is the elder of 16 arhats. He is known as Angiraja. In Sanskrit, he is called as Angaja, or Angiraja. ཡན་ལག་འབྱུང་, Yenlak Jung or Yenlak Kyé; Wyl. yan lag ‘byung, or yan lag skyes in Tibetan. He is one of the arhats among the Sixteen Arhats.
The Life of Angaja
In this segment, we are going to learn about the life of Angaja.
As a householder, Angiraja was immensely wealthy and gave away all his wealth seven times, but he realized .
Kanakabharadhvaja is the Elder of 8th arhat from the set of 16 great arhats. Kanakabharadhvaja is known as Bha ra dhva JA ser Chen Chong in Tibet. The meaning of Kanakabharadhvaja is Sthavira Kanaka Bharadhvaja in Sanskrit.
The life of Kanakabharadhvaja
Kanakabharadhvaja was born in 1600 to a wealthy householder. He grew up generous and compassionate, supporting the poor and giving alms to religious persons. Buddhist Elder Kanakabharadvaja was dead in 1699.
BuddhaTeaching changed Kanaka Bharadhvaja .