Wutaishan Mountain in China is considered special for the Buddhist deity/bodhisattva Manjushri. According to oral history and Chinese literature, it was Drogön Chögyal Phagpa who first talked about the five different forms of Manjushri. 5 forms of Manjushree are represented on each of the five peaks: central and four directions. The Five Manjushri forms are not depicted in a consistent manner. There are many iconographic differences appearing between the various paintings be they central .
This painting of Atiśa is from the early to mid-12th century and features extensive inscriptions on the reverse side. Atisha was the abbot of Vikramashila monastery in northern India, one of the maha viharas that granted the learned degree of Pandita, here indicated by his yellow hat. In 1042, he traveled to Tibet at the invitation of the western Tibetan king Yeshe ‘Od to help purify Buddhist practices there. Atisha’s authority was rooted in .
The subject depicted in this thangka is called Guruparampara, a “Line of Teachers.” It depicts the family tree of Nyingma lineage, as it were, and its function is to indicate a line of descent. The meaning of this presentation is to show a refuge for believers. It creates a kind of structure with a number of deities and teachers in whom devotees take refuge, because they will help believers in the course of their .
According to Tibetan Buddhist myth, Gyalpo Pehar ( Tibetan: རྒྱལ་པོ་དཔེ་ཧར ) is a spirit belonging to the gyalpo class. When Padmasambhava arrived in Tibet in the eighth century, he subdued all gyalpo spirits and put them under control of Gyalpo Pehar, who promised not to harm any sentient beings and was made the chief guardian spirit of Samye during the reign of Trisong Deutsen. The protector deity Pehar Gyalpo is depicted with three Geluk .
The way to Heaven is also known as a way to Nirvana. Way to heaven gives deeply symbolic meaning and explanation of the path to enlightenment. Symbols in way of heaven The way to heaven consists of different symbols which have different meanings. This illustration of the development of mental tranquility is often painted on monastery walls. This mnemonic diagram depicts the nine progressive stages of mental development, which are obtained through the six .
This is mid-20th-century painting of Machik Labdron and the Chod refuge field displaying teachers and deities. Thangka Painting Chart N°1 Asanga Asaṅga was “one of the most important spiritual figures” of Mahayana Buddhism and the “founder of the Yogacara school”. Traditionally, he and his half-brother Vasubandhu are regarded as the major classical Indian Sanskrit exponents of Mahayana Abhidharma, Vijñanavada (awareness only) thought and Mahayana teachings on the bodhisattva path. N°2 Gyanak Cherbu The lineage of .
This 18th-century painting depicts Shakyamuni Buddha with primordial buddha Vajradhara, bodhisattvas Maitreya and Manjushri, and Geluk masters. Thangka Painting Chart N°1 Bodhisattva Maitreya Maitreya is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology. In some Buddhist literature, such as the Amitabha Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, he is referred to as Ajita. According to Buddhist tradition, Maitreya is a bodhisattva who will appear on Earth in the future, achieve complete enlightenment, .
Sketching is the major work in creating the art. Sketching involved several steps, the first of which was to lay down the main lines of orientation. Most important was the central vertical axis, for this would be the exact center of the painting around which the artist would plan the rest of the composition. The vertical axis usually marked the center of the main figure, and it was in relation to this line that .
Another main step is to apply washes for shading and gradual transitions of tone. Shading is called Dang in Tibetan which is one of the special feature of Thangka painting. Shading is an important feature of thanka painting, taking up a large portion of the time, and is done very carefully and precisely. Shading in this context does not mean the treatment of light and shadow within the whole composition, for the distribution of light and .
Facial Features The last main step involving the application of colours was the rendering of the faces of the main figures. This was in effect the final stage of outlining, and sometimes a master painter would step in at this point and complete the painting of his student. Of all the finishing details, the facial features demanded the most attention, and among these it was the eyes that received the greatest care. The painting .