Apart from classical Mahāyāna Buddhist practices like the six perfections, Tibetan Buddhism also includes tantric practices, such as deity yoga and the Six Dharmas of Naropa as well as methods which are seen as transcending tantra, like Dzogchen.
In Tibetan Buddhism, practices are generally classified as either Sutra (or Pāramitāyāna) or Tantra (Vajrayāna or Mantrayāna), though exactly what constitutes each category and what is included and excluded in each is a matter of debate and .
Buddhist symbolism is the use of symbols to represent certain aspects of the Buddha's Dharma (teaching).
Early Buddhist symbols which remain important today include the Dharma wheel, the Indian lotus, the three jewels and the Bodhi tree.
Anthropomorphic symbolism depicting the Buddha (as well as other figures) became very popular around the first century CE with the arts of Mathura and the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara.
New symbols continued to develop into the medieval period, .
Tibetan Buddhism, in the form of Vajrayana ritual, provides a critical set of techniques for dealing with everyday life.
Tibetans came to see these techniques as vital for their prosperity in this life.
Tibetan Buddhism rituals are generally more elaborate than in other forms of Buddhism, with complex altar arrangements and works of art (such as mandalas and thangkas), many ritual objects, hand gestures (mudra), chants, and musical instruments.
A special kind of ritual called an .
Most Buddhists use ritual in pursuit of their spiritual aspirations.
Common devotional practices are receiving a blessing, making merit, making a resolution, prostrating, making offerings, chanting traditional texts and pilgrimage.
Buddhism regards inner devotion as more important than outer ritual. However, rituals do have an important place in Buddhism.
Buddhist rituals take place through several practices, expressed through physical movement, speech, and mind.
This is a list of Buddhist ritual implements used in some Buddhist .