Wutaishan Mountain in China is considered special for the Buddhist deity/bodhisattva Manjushri. According to oral history and Chinese literature, it was Drogön Chögyal Phagpa who first talked about the five different forms of Manjushri. 5 forms of Manjushree are represented on each of the five peaks: central and four directions. The Five Manjushri forms are not depicted in a consistent manner. There are many iconographic differences appearing between the various paintings be they central .
This painting of Atiśa is from the early to mid-12th century and features extensive inscriptions on the reverse side. Atisha was the abbot of Vikramashila monastery in northern India, one of the maha viharas that granted the learned degree of Pandita, here indicated by his yellow hat. In 1042, he traveled to Tibet at the invitation of the western Tibetan king Yeshe ‘Od to help purify Buddhist practices there. Atisha’s authority was rooted in .
This 18th-century essay drawing is similar in content to the photographic measurements. The so-called “image measurement” is the scale of the Buddha’s human body and the scale of the figure. This may be a reference guide for the painting of Buddha statues in Tibet or Nepal in the 18th century. It contains 36 detailed drawings and the text is in Tibetan. The representation of the Buddhist figure is not fabricated out of thin air. .
This is mid-20th-century painting of Machik Labdron and the Chod refuge field displaying teachers and deities. Thangka Painting Chart N°1 Asanga Asaṅga was “one of the most important spiritual figures” of Mahayana Buddhism and the “founder of the Yogacara school”. Traditionally, he and his half-brother Vasubandhu are regarded as the major classical Indian Sanskrit exponents of Mahayana Abhidharma, Vijñanavada (awareness only) thought and Mahayana teachings on the bodhisattva path. N°2 Gyanak Cherbu The lineage of .
Avalokitesvara, the Lord of Compassion, gazes out across the world, his white radiance soothing the sufferings of living beings. With one pair of hands, he clasps to his heart the wish-fulfilling gem of his vow to eradicate the world’s pain. In his upper left hand, he holds the lotus of spiritual receptivity, the desire to leave the mud of samsara and reach up toward the sun of true happiness. Above his head, we sense .
This 18th-century painting depicts Shakyamuni Buddha with primordial buddha Vajradhara, bodhisattvas Maitreya and Manjushri, and Geluk masters. Thangka Painting Chart N°1 Bodhisattva Maitreya Maitreya is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology. In some Buddhist literature, such as the Amitabha Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, he is referred to as Ajita. According to Buddhist tradition, Maitreya is a bodhisattva who will appear on Earth in the future, achieve complete enlightenment, .
Buddhist art is the artistic implementations that are perused by Buddhism. It includes art media which idolize Buddhas, bodhisattvas, and other forms of remarkable Buddhist figures, both ancient and mythical. Buddhist art explains the scenes from the lives of all of the mandalas and other graphic that helps to practice as well as physical objects connected with Buddhist practice, such as vajras, bells, stupas and Buddhist temple designs. Buddhist art originated on the Indian subcontinent following the historical life of Siddhartha Gautama, 6th to 5th century .
Sketching is the major work in creating the art. Sketching involved several steps, the first of which was to lay down the main lines of orientation. Most important was the central vertical axis, for this would be the exact center of the painting around which the artist would plan the rest of the composition. The vertical axis usually marked the center of the main figure, and it was in relation to this line that .
Another main step is to apply washes for shading and gradual transitions of tone. Shading is called Dang in Tibetan which is one of the special feature of Thangka painting. Shading is an important feature of thanka painting, taking up a large portion of the time, and is done very carefully and precisely. Shading in this context does not mean the treatment of light and shadow within the whole composition, for the distribution of light and .
After cleaning the pigment it had only to be mixed with the binder to become paint. For blending a pigment and binder you can simply mix it. Paint preparation can take a full day to prepare the five primary colors. Traditionally, the materials included a variety of mineral and vegetable substances minerals, precious stones, bark, leaves, flowers (especially the rock rose), gold, silver, copper, etc. Each had to be collected from its source in different .