Shakyamuni with Geluk Masters

Depicting the Painting of Shakyamuni with Geluk Masters

This 18th-century depicts with primordial , and , and Geluk .

Thangka Painting Chart

Shakyamuni with Geluk Masters

with Geluk Masters

N°1 Maitreya

Maitreya is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in eschatology. In some Buddhist literature, such as the and the , he is referred to as Ajita.

According to Buddhist tradition, Maitreya is a bodhisattva who will appear on in the future, achieve complete , and teach the pure .

According to , Maitreya will be a successor to the present Buddha, .

The prophecy of the arrival of Maitreya refers to a in the future when the dharma will have been forgotten by most on the terrestrial world.

Maitreya has also been adopted for his millenarian role by many non- in the past, such as the , as well as by modern new movements, such as Yiguandao.

N°2 Bodhisattva Manjusri

Manjusri is a bodhisattva associated with prajna in .

In , he is also a . His name means “Gentle Glory”. He is also known by the fuller name of Manjusrikumarabhuta literally “Maanjusri, Still a Youth” or, less literally, “Prince Manjusri”.

N°3 Puntsok Gyatso

Puntsok Gyatso Bangowa’s nephew was the of Gyagar Tashi and lived at the holy site of Drodung in Dege.

He founded a there at which he instituted the and practice of the and Terma.

N°4 Sakyamuni

Also known as Gautama Buddha. The founder of . “Shakyamuni” means “sage of the ,” Shakya being the name of the tribe or clan to which his family belonged.

Opinions differ concerning the dates of his birth and death. According to Buddhist tradition in and , he was born on the eighth day of the fourth month of 1029 B.C.E. and died on the fifteenth day of the second month of 949 B.C.E., but recent studies have him living nearly five hundred years later.

The view prevalent among scholars is that Shakyamuni lived from about 560 to about 480 B.C.E., though some scholars hold that he lived from about 460 to about 380 B.C.E.

He was the son of Shuddhodana, the of the Shakyas, a small tribe whose kingdom was located in the foothills of the south of what is now central .

Shakyamuni’s family name was Gautama (Best Cow), and his childhood or given name was Siddhartha (Goal Achieved), though some scholars say the latter is a title bestowed on him by later Buddhists in honor of the enlightenment he attained.

According to the Buddhist scriptures, Shakyamuni was born in Gardens, in what is now Rummindei in southern Nepal.

His mother, Maya, died on the seventh day after his birth, and he was raised thereafter by her younger sister Mahaprajapati.

In his boyhood and adolescence, he is said to have excelled in both learning and the martial .

Though raised amid the luxuries of the royal palace, he seems to have very soon become aware of and been profoundly troubled by the problem of human .

As a young man, he married the beautiful Yashodhara, who bore him a son, Rahula. He became increasingly possessed, however, by a longing to abandon the secular world and go out in search of a solution to the inherent of life.

Buddhist scriptures describe four encounters, which served to awaken in him an awareness of these four sufferings common to all people—birth, , sickness, and death—and a to seek their solution.

Eventually, he renounced his princely status and embarked on the life of a religious mendicant.


was the fifth of .

He was born of a well-known and noble family in the province of Tsang.

His father’s name was De-chhen-gyalpo and his mother’s Serab-Drolma.

He was soon recognized as the true incarnation of Lobsang , the Fourth Panchen of Tibet, and was installed with great ceremony at Tashilhunpo Monastery.


Kelzang Gyatso also spelled Kalzang Gyatso, and Kezang Gyatso, was the 7th of Tibet.

Kelzang Gyatso was born in Lithang of Eastern Tibet, in the present-day Garze Autonomous Prefecture of present-day Sichuan province.

At that time, the Dalai Lama’s in was occupied by Ngawang Yeshey Gyatso, who had been installed by Lha-bzang Khan as “the real ” in place of Tsangyang Gyatso.

Ngawang Yeshey Gyatso still held this position when a at Litang monastery, spontaneously channeling the , identified Kelzang Gyatso as the reincarnation of Tsangyang Gyatso.


Je Lobzang Drakpa was born in the Tsongkha region of Amdo in 1357.

His mother was Shingza Acho and his father was Lubum Ge. Among the numerous miraculous incidents and omens believed to have taken place surrounding his birth, perhaps the most famous is that of a drop of blood from Tsongkhapa umbilical cord that is said to have fallen on to the , giving rise to a sandalwood tree.

Whose leaves bore related to the Simhanada manifestation of the bodhisattva Manjusri, a deity with whom Tsongkhapa would later be identified.

His mother later built a on this spot and over time further structures and were added.

Today the location of Tsongkhapa’s birth is marked by , founded in 1583 by the Third Dalai Lama Sonam Gyatso on the spot of the original stupa.


Umapa, also known as Tsondru Sengge or, by his name, Dorje, was born in Markham region of eastern Tibet in the mid-fourteenth century. Barring his few years in central Tibet, which were recorded sporadically in biographical accounts of other Tibetan masters, most of his activities were carried out in and around the region of Markham.

N°9 Vajradhara

Vajradhara (: वज्रधर. Also, the name of , because ‘’ means diamond, as well as the thunderbolt, anything hard more generally) Tibetan: རྡོ་རྗེ་འཆང།  is the ultimate primordial Buddha, or Adi Buddha, according to the , and schools of Tibetan Buddhism.

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About sadiksha

Namaste! I am a Nepali Art Dealer specialized in Mandala and Thangka paintings. I love to write articles about the monastic culture of the Himalayas.

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