In the Life of Buddha paintings, we can see the historic phases of the Siddhartha Gautama both before and after his enlightenment. The painting starts from the top and moves towards the anti-clockwise direction. The story starts from the top left and ends right at the center where he reaches the stage of Nirvana.
Gautama Buddha was born in 563 BCE. also known as Siddhartha Gautama or simply Buddha. Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism. He is recognized by Buddhists as an enlightened teacher who attained full Buddhahood and shared his insights to help sentient beings end rebirth and suffering.
Accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral traditional first committed to writing about 400 years later.
The Painting Describes 12 different phase of Buddha’s life. They are:
His Promise to Take Birth in the Human Realm
Queen Maya Devi’s Dream
The Birth of Buddha
Accomplishment in Worldly Arts and Athletics
The Skilful Conduct of Worldly Affairs
The Four Encounters
The Renunciation of Worldly Life
The Six Years of Austerities
The Defeat of Mara
The Proclamation of the Teachings
The Descent from the Trayatrimsa Heaven
The Passages into Parinirvana