Carola Roloff is a German Buddhist nun. Her monastic name is Bhiksuni Jampa Tsedroen.
An active teacher, translator, author, and speaker, she is instrumental in campaigning for equal rights for Buddhist nuns.
Ordaining female nuns, or bhiksunis, in the Tibetan tradition has been met with resistance from many Tibetan monks.
Roloff is determined to change this reluctance to allow women into the tradition.
As well as campaigning for a change of opinion, she is instrumental in helping to determine how females can best be accommodated, both in the tradition itself and in sanghas (mutually supportive communities).
Fortunately for Roloff, this imposing challenge has been supported by the 14th Dalai Lama.
As well as lecturing and writing on the subject, Roloff conducts research with other monks and nuns to help strengthen their position.
The Vinaya scriptures, for example, show that the Buddha accepted the role of women as nuns in search of enlightenment, and Roloff therefore often quotes this text.
Buddhist convents also called Gompas have historically been well established in Tibet, certainly from the twelfth century and with traditions reaching back as far as the eighth century.
Traditional education in the nunneries included reading, writing, and lessons in ancient scriptures and prayers taught by the senior nuns or lamas from monasteries.
Traditional activities for the nuns included performance of rituals requested by the lay community and crafts such as embroidery and sewing.
Buddhism in Germany looks back to a history of over 150 years. Arthur Schopenhauer was one of the earliest Germans who were influenced by Buddhism.
Schopenhauer got his knowledge of Buddhism from authors like Isaac Jacob Schmidt (1779-1847).
German Buddhists or Orientalists like Karl Eugen Neumann, Paul Dahlke, Georg Grimm, Friedrich Zimmermann (Subhadra Bhikschu) and the first German Buddhist monk Nyanatiloka Mahathera were also influenced by Schopenhauer and his understanding of Buddhism.
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