The Svatantrika-Prasaṅgika distinction is a set of arguments about two different positions of emptiness philosophy which are debated within the Mahayana school of Buddhism. It is most prominently discussed in Tibetan Buddhism where Prāsaṅgika and Svātantrika, are viewed to be different forms of Madhyamaka philosophy.
Buddhist philosophy refers to the philosophical investigations and systems of inquiry that developed among various Buddhist schools in India following the parinirvana of the Buddha and later spread throughout Asia.
The Buddhist path combines both philosophical reasoning and meditation.
The Buddhist traditions present a multitude of Buddhist paths to liberation, and Buddhist thinkers in India and subsequently in East Asia have covered topics as varied as phenomenology, ethics, ontology, epistemology, logic and philosophy of .
Mahāyāna is a term for a broad group of Buddhist traditions, texts, philosophies, and practices.
Mahāyāna Buddhism developed in India and is considered one of the two main existing branches of Buddhism.
Mahāyāna accepts the main scriptures and teachings of early Buddhism, but also adds various new doctrines and texts such as the Mahāyāna Sūtras and its emphasis on the bodhisattva path and Prajñāpāramitā.
Vajrayāna or Mantra traditions are a subset of Mahāyāna, which .
Madhyamaka also known as Śūnyavāda and Niḥsvabhāvavāda refers to a tradition of Buddhist philosophy and practice founded by the Indian philosopher Nāgārjuna.
The foundational text of the Mādhyamaka tradition is Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā.
More broadly, Madhyamaka also refers to the ultimate nature of phenomena and the realization of this in meditative equipoise.
According to the classical madhyamaka thinkers, all phenomena (dharmas) are empty (śūnya) of "nature," a "substance" or "essence" (svabhāva) which gives them "solid and .