In Hinduism, a sampradaya can be translated as ‘tradition’, 'spiritual lineage' or a ‘religious system’. It relates to a succession of masters and disciples, which serves as a spiritual channel, and provides a delicate network of relationships that lends stability to a religious identity.
Hatha yoga is the yoga tradition most familiar to Western culture. The term is derived from the Sanskrit ha, meaning "sun," and tha, meaning "moon." The practice aims to unite the active and receptive qualities represented by each celestial being.
Hatha yoga is a branch of yoga. In India, hatha yoga is associated with popular tradition with the Yogis of the Natha Sampradaya through its traditional founder Matsyendranath. Almost all Hatha yogic texts belong to .
For over 200 years, Western scholars have struggled to understand Hinduism, a faith whose followers seemed (to outsiders) to arbitrarily worship any one of a dozen Gods as the Supreme, a religion vastly diverse in its beliefs, practices, and ways of worship. Some Indologists labeled the Hinduism they encountered polytheistically; others even coined new terms, like henotheism, to describe this baffling array of spiritual traditions.
Few, however, have realized, and fewer still have written, that .
Parvati is a Hindu goddess. She is the symbol of divine strength, power, love, and productiveness. she is a daughter of the Lord of the Mountains and queen Mena, as she was given a name "Parvati". Parvati is known as the mother goddess in Hinduism. She is also known as Uma.
She is also known as Adi-shakti. She is called by different other names in Hindu religion such as kali, Goddess Laxmi, Adi Parashakti, Shakti, Devi, Durga, Tripura Sundari, Sati, Saraswati, Tridevi, .