Biography of the 14th Dalai Lama

H.H. the , Tenzin Gyatso, is the simple . He was born on 6 July 1935 in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern .

Born in a small family of Tibet, he spent the major part of his childhood in farming and kinds of stuff.

He grew up to be a of Tibet. Soon after his birth, he was named as Lhamo Thondup that means ‘Wish-Fulfilling Goddess.’

Early Education

Like every , His Holiness also attended the . It started at the age of six. The curriculum he read derived from the tradition that contained five major and five minor subjects.

Major Subjects he attended: logic, fine , grammar, and , with major emphasis on , , the perfection of ; Madhyamika, the of the ; , the canon of monastic discipline; Abidharma, metaphysics; and , logic and epistemology

Minor subjects he attended: poetry, drama, astrology, and synonyms.

He was 23, and it was during the annual Great Prayer Festival (Monlam Chenmo) in 1959, His Holiness gave his final examination in ’s .

He passed the exam with honors and got awarded as the Lharampa degree that is equivalent to the highest doctorate in philosophy.

His Holiness Family

His parents were a simple farmer who spent the majority of their growing barley, buckwheat and potatoes.

In an autobiography, he mentions about his father saying:

“He is of medium height with a very quick temper. I remember him pulling his moustache once and hit hard for my mistake”.

He too describes his mother as one of the kindest people he has ever known. She gave birth to sixteen children, and only seven of them survived.

He has two sisters and four brothers. One elder sister and three elder brothers.

His elder sister who was 18 years older than him, Tsering Dolma, helped his mother to run the household during the birth of His Holiness.

The eldest brother,  was known to be the of a high , – Gyalo Thondup and Lobsang Samden.

The youngest brother, Tenzin Choegyal was also known to be the reincarnation of another high lama, Ngari .

As a Spiritual Leader

His Holiness lives the life of a simple Buddhist .

He lives in a small cottage in  and wakes up to meditate at 4 in the .

He then attends his regular schedule of administrative meetings, private audiences and and ceremonies.

He ends each day with a prayer.

He says his greatest source of inspiration is a verse found in the writings of the renowned eighth-century Buddhist saint :

For as long as space endures
And for as long as living beings remain,
Until then may I too abide
To dispel the misery of the world.

For as long as space endures
And for as long as living beings remain,
Until then may I too abide
To dispel the misery of the world.

He shares about , in different talk shows and in his books. His popular books are:

Video:  and Happiness

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