The Vinaya is the division of the Buddhist canon (Tripitaka) containing the rules and procedures that govern the Buddhist monastic community, or Sangha. Three parallel Vinaya traditions remain in use by modern monastic communities: the Theravada, Mulasarvastivada and Dharmaguptaka. In addition to these Vinaya traditions, Vinaya texts of several extinct schools of Indian Buddhism are preserved in the Tibetan and East Asian canons, including those of the Kāśyapīya, the Mahāsāṃghika, the Mahīśāsaka, and the Sarvāstivāda
Buddhist monasticism is one of the earliest surviving forms of organized monasticism and one of the fundamental institutions of Buddhism.
Monks and nuns, called bhikkhu and bhikkhuni, are responsible for the preservation and dissemination of the Buddha's teaching and the guidance of Buddhist lay people.
Three surviving traditions of monastic discipline (Vinaya), govern modern monastic life in different regional traditions:
- the Theravada in Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka
- the Dharmaguptaka in East Asia
For 2,500 years Buddhists have considered with awe the achievement of Siddhartha Gautama. What induces such tremendous respect in them is not just that he gained Enlightenment, but that he did so without a teacher. Contemplating the difficulties that the Buddha had to overcome has given Buddhism a very great appreciation of the value of a spiritual teacher.
As Buddhism developed, and the three yanas unfolded, the role and significance of the spiritual teacher changed. .
Shar Minub is located in the Kathmandu, in a valley at the base of Nagarjuna mountain. The monastery is founded by the late 14th Shamar Rinpoche. He made great efforts to establish a monastery at Shar Minub, in Kathmandu, for the benefit of Buddhist students in Nepal. The Sharminub Institute is located below the holy Nagarjuna mountain with a beautiful view over the Kathmandu valley.
Meaning of Shar Minub
"Shar" means "to rise", "Nub" means "to set", and .
Shamarpa Rinpoche was the emanation of Amitabha, the Buddha of Limitless Light: a living example of the appearance of Amitabha in our world in the form of a Mahabodhisattva.
The Tibetan title of Shamar means “the lama of the ruby-red crown”, named after the replica of the Karmapa’s own crown which he bestowed on the Shamarpa. The successive incarnations of the Shamarpas are also known as the “Red Hat Karmapa”.
Birth and Early life
The 14th Shamarpa was born .
Buddhism was introduced to Indians by Shakyamuni Buddha who lived in India in the sixth century BCE,
a time of boom of religious and philosophical thought from Greece to China. Born as the crown prince of the great Shakya Kingdom, the youth Siddhartha Gautama was prepared to be a king in accordance
with the wishes of his royal father.
However, at the age of 28 years old, he learned of the deep suffering experienced in life by most .
H.H. the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the simple Buddhist monk. He was born on 6 July 1935 in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet.
Born in a small family of Tibet, he spent the major part of his childhood in farming and kinds of stuff.
He grew up to be a spiritual leader of Tibet. Soon after his birth, he was named as Lhamo Thondup that means ‘Wish-Fulfilling Goddess.’
Like every Tibetans, His Holiness also attended the monastic .
The following list consists of notable concepts that are derived from Hindu and Buddhist cultures and associated traditions, which are expressed as words in Sanskrit or other Indic languages and Dravidian languages.
The main purpose of this list is to make it easy for one to find specific concepts, and to provide a guide to unique concepts of Hinduism and Buddhism all in one place.
Many Sanskrit concepts have an Indian secular meaning as well as .