About Newar people

or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Valley and its surrounding areas in and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation. Newars form a linguistic and cultural community of primarily Indo-Aryan and ethnicities following and with Nepalbhasa as their common language. Newars have developed a division of labour and a sophisticated urban civilisation not seen elsewhere in the foothills. Newars have continued their age-old traditions and practices and pride themselves as the true custodians of the , and civilisation of Nepal. Newars are known for their contributions to culture, and literature, trade, agriculture and cuisine. Today, they consistently rank as the most economically, politically and socially advanced community of Nepal, according to the annual Human Development Index published by UNDP. Nepal’s 2011 census ranks them as the nation’s sixth-largest ethnicity/community, with 1,321,933 Newars throughout the country.

Swayambhu stupa and prayer flags

Buddhist communities of Nepal

Newar is a form of Vajrayana influenced by Theravada Buddhism and is the oldest known form of the Vajrayana tradition and is significantly older than the Tibetan Buddhism. Many Buddhist groups are also influenced by Hinduism. Among the Tibeto-Burman-speaking peoples, Tibetan Buddhism is the most widely practiced form. Buddhism is the dominant religion of the thinly populated northern areas, which are inhabited by Tibetan-related peoples, namely the Sherpa, Lopa, Manangi, Thakali, Lhomi, Dolpa and .

The Vajrasattva Mantra Banner

HUM. Vajrasattva represents primordial . We can clean our of , , and delusion by meditating on him. He carries a thunderbolt in his heart, which signifies his upaya, or talent in liberating via . Who is Vajrasattva? Vajrasattva is a significant figure in the of the Valley's . He is commonly invoked in the maala, which is the fundamental for all other  .