Niladevi transl. 'blue goddess', also rendered as Neela Devi, is a Hindu goddess and a consort of the preserver deity Vishnu, along with Sridevi (Lakshmi) and Bhudevi. Niladevi becomes one of Vishnu's consorts in his avatar as Krishna, along with Sridevi as Rukmini and Bhudevi as Satyabhama. She is the southern counterpart of Krishna's companion Radha from the North Indian tradition. She is primarily revered in South India, particularly in Tamil culture, as one of Vishnu's consorts. In Sri Vaishnava tradition, all three consorts are regarded as aspects of Lakshmi.
Devī is the Sanskrit word for 'goddess'; the masculine form is deva. Devi and deva mean 'heavenly, divine, anything of excellence', and are also gender-specific terms for a deity in Hinduism.
The concept and reverence for goddesses appears in the Vedas, which were composed around the 3rd millennium BCE.
Goddesses such as Lakshmi, Parvati, Durga, Saraswati, Sita, Radha and Kali have continued to be revered in the modern era.
The medieval era Puranas witness a major .