For over 200 years, Western scholars have struggled to understand Hinduism
, a faith whose followers seemed (to outsiders) to arbitrarily worship
any one of a dozen Gods
as the Supreme, a religion
vastly diverse in its beliefs, practices, and ways of worship. Some Indologists labeled the Hinduism they encountered polytheistically; others even coined new terms, like henotheism, to describe this baffling array of spiritual traditions.
Few, however, have realized, and fewer still have written, that .