Brahmacharini means a devoted female student who lives in an Ashrama with her Guru along with other students. It is also the name of the second aspect of the goddess Durga (Parvati). The goddess is worshipped on the second day of Navratri. She is also known as Tapascharini, Aparna and Uma. The goddess Brahmacharini wears white clothes, holds a japa mala (rosary) in her right hand and Kamandal, a water utensil in her left hand.
Devī is the Sanskrit word for 'goddess'; the masculine form is deva. Devi and deva mean 'heavenly, divine, anything of excellence', and are also gender-specific terms for a deity in Hinduism.
The concept and reverence for goddesses appears in the Vedas, which were composed around the 3rd millennium BCE.
Goddesses such as Lakshmi, Parvati, Durga, Saraswati, Sita, Radha and Kali have continued to be revered in the modern era.
The medieval era Puranas witness a major .
Navaratri, the Sanskrit word for "nine nights", also called Durga Puja is a major festival held in India for the honor of the divine feminine. There are two festivals of Navaratri: Chaitra Navaratri and Sharad Navaratri or Maha Navaratri. Chaitra Navaratri occurs during the spring season.
Rama Navami, the birthday of great Lord Rama, usually falls on the ninth day of Chaitra Navaratri and thus, Chaitra Navaratri is also known as Ram Navaratri. In the .
Durga is the original manifested form of Mother Parvati or Adi-Parashakti. The meaning of Durga is "the inaccessible" or "the invincible", is the most popular incarnation of Devi and one of the main forms of the Goddess Shakti in the Hindu pantheon. Parvati took the form of Durga to kill the demon Durgamasur.
Goddess Durga and festivals
In Nepal, Goddess Durga is worshiped during Dashain festival. Durga is worshipped in ten forms with one form for each day in Nepal and celebrated across the country .