Buddhas, Dharma

32 Physical characteristics of the Buddha

attained almost two thousand and five hundred years ago. Those who lived during the era of the ’s end did not have the opportunity to see his golden face and physical characteristics up close.

The main characteristics that were visible at first glance and the secondary characteristics invisible but which aroused in every man sympathy and the pleasure. It is mentioned in the canonical texts that Buddha has thirty-two main characteristics and eighty secondary characteristics.

The thirty-two main characteristics are as follows:

  1. Flat soles, no arch
  2. Thousand Spoke Wheel Mark Underfoot
  3. Thin and long , white as snow
  4. Flexible arms and legs
  5. Finely webbed toes and fingers
  6. Full Heels
  7. Feet of equal thickness, full length
  8. Flesh as fine and soft as that of the royal deer
  9. Dangling arms, hands fall lower than arms. knees
  10. Well retracted male organ
  11. Arm height and stretch, equal
  12. Dark hairiness
  13. Graceful and Curly Hair
  14. Golden color body
  15. Ten foot aura body
  16. Soft and smooth
  17. Well-rounded feet, hands, shoulders and skull
  18. Full Armpits
  19. Dignified and majestic bearing
  20. Straight body
  21. Full and rounded shoulders
  22. Forty Teeth
  23. White and jointed teeth
  24. Regular and equal teeth
  25. Cheeks full like a lion’s
  26. Saliva improves the taste of all foods
  27. Long and Wide Tongue
  28. Deep and sonorous voice
  29. Eyes of dark color and crystal clear like the sea
  30. Extraordinary eyelashes
  31. Light radiating between the eyebrows
  32. Fleshy protuberance on the top of the head.

It is said in the :

“It takes a hundred kalpas to cultivate the physical characteristics and three ásañkhya to perfect merits and wisdom “.

The thirty-two physical characteristics of Buddha are not innate, but due to the practice of ninety-one kalpas.

According to the Adornment by Hundred Sutra, one must practice a hundred happiness’s to acquire a physical characteristic, and even that of the tongue, long and wide, requires an accumulation billions of of “without lying”, in order to be acquired.

Thus, to learn , one must diligently cultivate merits and , to obtain accomplished fruits.

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About sadiksha

Namaste! I am a Nepali Art Dealer specialized in Mandala and Thangka paintings. I love to write articles about the monastic culture of the Himalayas.

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