Buddha’s Teachings on Enlightenment and Nirvana

Buddha’s Teachings on Enlightenment and Nirvana

According to is comprehension of the nature of reality which produced a complete from all .

The nature of the reality he taught involves the principle that all things are ultimately relative. Everything arises from causes and conditions, therefore, nothing whatsoever exists naturally or by way of its own heritage. The innate inconsideration of oneself and other experience being truly existent gives rise to , hate, envy, and the other ills of living beings.

What is ?

This negligence of the true nature of reality is the ultimate root of all suffering. The demands and that arise from this bind one to torment in the cycle of rebirths, a state called . Each being has been born again and again in a beginningless series of lifetimes.

The of birth, sickness, , and death, as well as the terrible miseries of lower, even infernal states of making samsara an endless source of suffering. Realizing the real nature of reality is the that frees one from samsara.

Such wisdom arises only in the presence of profound and endless compassion for the pain of all other living beings.

Therefore compassion is the randition of wisdom. Compassion arises with the understanding of one’s innate and natural connectedness with each and every living being.

True compassion entails a profound and immutable desire to lead other beings to the state of ultimate wisdom where they are freed from all suffering and gain true .

To aid his followers in their pursuit of liberating wisdom, created the first monasteries in the of the world, where they could live and meditate without being completely disturbed by the world around them.

What Is ?

The Buddha told his that nirvana cannot be imagined, and so there is no point speculating what it is like. Even so, it is a word that use, so it needs some kind of definition.

Nirvana is not a place, but rather is a state of being beyond existence and non-existence. The early speak of nirvana as “liberation” and “unbinding,” meaning no longer being bound to the cycle of birth and death.

The Bodhisattva

As an advanced , one becomes powerful and effective in bringing about the freedom of beings. Great like or can save vast numbers of beings from the misfortunes and terrors of the world and become extensively worshiped by ordinary people as and .

Avalokiteshvara is idolized as in , Kannon in , and in is known to take on many aspects, such as the , in order to better understand the welfare of the world.

What is ?

, which is the form of exercised in Tibet, provides a great variety of special practices, , and to accomplish the goals of cultivating compassion and the ultimate freedom of all living beings.

Vajrayana is based on the cryptic of Buddha Shakyamuni given to selected disciples. It uses yogic systems of meditation, , and to bring about psychological and changes. Initiations and acknowledgments are needed to understand and engage in these and to use the spiritual implements such as the and ghanta (), images, hand and gestures (), and sacred power words (mantra).

comprises four lineages. All trace themselves back to Buddha Shakyamuni in an unconnected lineage of and disciples that extends down to the present day. They are remarked much more by lineage than by any major difference in teachings or practice. The four lineages are Gelukpa, Sakyapa, Nyingmapa, and Kagyupa.

Bön, Tibet’s Indigenous Belief

Bön, Tibet’s aboriginal , is a high form of ritualism importantly concerned with righting the causes of human ailment and tragedy and coexisting with the underlying forces of the .

It focuses on the living, but has a clear sense of an afterlife and seeks to bring benefits and happiness in both this place and the places to come.

The Bön outlook is usually one where humans are attacked by a variety of spiteful demons and temperamental local , who are the major cause of disease and suffering in this world and danger in the next.

Some of the Bön practices of ejection have been borrowed from Buddhism, while some of its frightening deities and mighty demons were converted and tamed to serve as guardians of Buddhism.

Bön ingests a great deal of Buddhism’s profound teachings and powerful rituals and has come to emulate many basic Buddhist theories and practices, but it also influenced Tibetan Buddhism.

In the Bön view, mountain gods are particularly valuable. It is through them that many clan leaders track their ancestry from mythic god-heroes to the first of Tibet, and down to the present day. It is not that they themselves were gods, but that the idol of a local mountain sent a hero to lead its clan, giving divine definability to their dynasty.

The Four Noble Truths

  1. The Noble Truth of Suffering
  2. The Noble Truth of the Origin of Suffering
  3. The Noble Truth of Cessation of Suffering
  4. The Noble Truth of the Way leading to the Cessation of Suffering

Buddhism begins with the fact of suffering. However, before we can do anything about it, we must know its cause, which is the deeply-rooted sense of ‘I’ that we all have.

Because of this, we are always struggling to get things that are pleasurable and avoid things that are painful to find ease and security, and generally to manipulate people and situations to be the way ‘I’ want them.

And because the rest of the world does not necessarily fit in with what I want, we often find ourselves cutting against the general flow of things, and getting hurt and disappointed in the process.

Suffering may be therefore brought to an end by transcending this strong sense of ‘I’ so that we come into greater harmony with things in general. The means of doing this is The .

 

 

 

 

dipakdaspaswan

About dipakdaspaswan

Namaste! I am Dipak Paswan from Nepal. I love to write articles about Asian religion and cultures. If you like this post or have any question please leave me a comment or use the contact page to reach me.

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