Tibetan spiritual leader – Lama Dragpa Gyaltsen

Tibetan spiritual leader – Lama Dragpa Gyaltsen

Dragpa Gyaltsen was a and the third of the Five Patriarchs of . He was also known as the of the famous .

Dragpa Gyaltsen was a Tibetan spiritual leader and the third of the Five Sakya Patriarchs of Tibet. He was also the guru of the famous Sakya Pandita. Dragpa Gyaltsen was born in 1147.

Dragpa Gyaltsen is known as rje Btsun Grags pa Rgyal mtshan in Tibet.

Jetsun Drakpa Gyaltsen wrote extensive commentaries as well as other commentaries on and other and topics. He was the son of and the brother of Sönam Tsemo.

Dragpa Gyaltsen known as the Fifth Holder of Sakya and the third son of Sachen Kunga Nyingpo. As a Dragpa Gyaltsen inscription at the lower left states that the was drawn by the Namgyal.

The iconography of the Dragpa Gyaltsen

In the of Dragpa Gyaltsen, we will learn about his posture, leg, and hand and different representation of the Dragpa Gyeltsen: Jetsun in and statue.

Dragpa Gyaltsen has a faint smile and a slightly rugged in appearance. Dragpa Gyaltsen has short curly brown hair on the head, a growth of facial hair, and long pierced earlobes absent of earrings.

The right hand of Dragpa Gyaltsen is placed to the heart holding upright a gold . And the left of Dragpa Gyaltsen supports a upturned in the lap. He is wearing various colored garments typical of a layman.

He is also free of adornment and ornamentation indicative of the of a celibate layman. Dragpa Gyaltsen is with the lower body wrapped in a red cloak.

Dragpa Gyaltsen sits comfortably on a wide cushion seat with a dark blue backrest and pink areola. In front of the , there is a small table that supports decorative objects.

And on the left side of the thangka, there is another table that holds two initiation vases. To the right of the thangka, there is a twisted brown trunk snake upward bursting with foliage and fruit serving as a canopy for Dragpa Gyaltsen and as a seat for the Three Lords.

Depicting Dragpa Gyaltsen: Jetsun Thangka

The thangka of Dragpa Gyaltsen is from Central Tibet. It is made in between 17 AD to 1799 AD.

The base of the is mineral pigment.

Currently, this painting is in the .

By depicting this thangka, We will learn about how Dragpa Gyaltsen is presented with , , , , and , etc.

Wisdom Arapacana Manjushri

Wisdom Arapacana is at the top center of the thangka. Wisdom Arapacana Manjushri is the .

Wisdom Arapacana Manjushri is orange in color and holding upraised in the right hand the sword of wisdom.

The left hand of Arapacana Manjushri holds to the heart the folio book.

Padmapani Avalokiteshvara

Padmapani Avalokiteshvara is at the left of the thangka.  Padmapani Avalokiteshvara is of who is white in color

The right hand of Padmapani Avalokiteshvara supports the body in a relaxed posture.

And the left hand of Padmapani Avalokiteshvara extended across the knee holds the stem of a blossom.

Vajrapani

Vajrapani is at the right of the thangka. Vajrapani is the bodhisattva of power Vajrapani who is blue in color.  The left hand of Vajrapani pressed to the seat.

And the right hand of Vajrapani extended across the knee holding the stem of a lotus blossom supporting a gold upright vajra.

These three collectively known as the Lords of the Three Families represent the wisdom, compassion, and power of all the of the three and ten directions. The origins of this threefold model are found in the framework of the Tantra classification.

At the bottom right of the thangka, there is the deity yellow who is mature with facial hair and corpulent.

Yellow Jambhala

In the right hand of Yellow Jambhala, he holds a Bijapuraka fruit extended in the of generosity.

With the left hand, he grasps to the side a brown mongoose expelling precious jewels.

Yellow Jambhala is adorned lavishly with gold ornaments and . He rests the right foot on a conch and gold while seated on a moon disc and pink lotus blossom.

The foreground is strewn with bales of cloth, wishing jewels and precious objects.

At the left in front of a twisted tree kneeling reverentially a monk wearing orange and red robes offers a gold plate respectfully held with a white scarf.

Monk

Monk is surrounded by a wealth of riches and a precious jewel on the table in front, the remaining Seven Royal Jewels adorn the foreground wheel, minister, queen, elephant, horse, and general.

Dragpa Gyaltsen with Sanggye Lama Thangka

Dragpa Gyaltsen with Sanggye was painted around 1800-1899 AD. The size of this painting is 67.95×44.75cm. The base of the painting is cotton and the ground mineral pigment is used to color it. Dragpa Gyaltsen belongs to Sakya and . This Masterpiece is still preserved and kept in the Rubin of .

By depicting this thangka, We will learn about how Dragpa Gyaltsen is presented.

Sanggye Lama is at the top right of the thangka. At the middle right of the thangka, there is the presence of the Kyung Nag Dar. At the lower right of the thangka, there is the presence of the Sab Bagton Zhonnu Tsultrim.

Dragpa Gyaltsen with Kalachakra Thangka

Dragpa Gyaltsen with was painted around 1500-1599 AD. The size of this painting is 80.01×68.58cm. The base of the painting is cotton, the ground mineral pigment and raised gold is used to color it. Dragpa Gyaltsen belongs to Sakya Lineage. This Masterpiece Thangka Art is still preserved and kept in the Rubin Museum of Art.

By depicting this thangka we will learn about the presentation of Dragpa Gyaltsen with Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo, Kalachakra, , and Eight Taras, etc.

At the center-left of the thangka, there is . He is gazing to the side with short-cropped hair and a beard. Dragpa Gyaltsen is attired in the garb of a layman.

He sits in vajra posture above a multi-colored lotus seat and lion supported throne. Above the head of Dragpa Gyaltsen, there is a small bell-shaped Caitya with a spire and parasol.

Small bell-shaped Caitya is seated inside is white Avalokiteshvara with one face and two hands performing the mudra.

Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo

Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo is at the right of the thangka. Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo has the hands at the heart performing the teaching mudra.

While holding the stems of two blue Utpala flowers supporting a wisdom sword and Prajnaparamita book at the level of the ear.

Kalachakra

Kalachakra is at the upper center of the thangka. Kalachakra is the tutelary deity who has four faces and twenty-four hands.

Kalachakra is embracing the yellow consort . Above a disc and throne seat, they stand surrounded by the orange flames of wisdom .

Shakyamuni Buddha

Buddha is at the upper center of the thangka. Shakyamuni Buddha is followed by the first 7 teacher and then continuing with the line of 25 Kulika ending with at the lower right side.

Eight Taras

Eight Taras is at the upper center of the thangka. Eight Taras is the tutelary deity from the set of 21 according to the lineage of Suryagupta based on the Tantra of the Twenty-one Praises.

On the right side of the thangka, there is Tara of the Sandalwood Forest who is green in color with one face and two hands. Tara is seated in a relaxed posture.

Dragpa Gyaltsen with Shakyamuni Buddha Thangka

Dragpa Gyaltsen with Shakyamuni Buddha is from lineage. The masterpiece thangka is from a private collection.

By depicting this thangka we will learn about the presentation of Dragpa Gyaltsen with Shakyamuni Buddha.

Jetsun Dragp Gyaltsen is one of five compositions depicting the previous lives of . Dragpa Gyaltsen was dead in 1216.

Shakyamuni Buddha

In the top middle of the thangka, there is the presence of the Shakyamuni Buddha.

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