Yogambara is also belonging to the Wisdom-mother. He is also belonging to the classification of Anuttarayoga Tantra which is made by the famous in the Vajravali text a compendium of Tantric practices of the Indian Pandita Abhayakaragupta and also through the tradition of Marpa and Ngog Lotsawa.
Table of Contents
The Viability of Yogambara
In this section, we are going to learn about the viability of Yogambara, after the short etymological description of the word Yogambara itself.
Etymology of Yogambara
Yogambara is known as Nam Khai Nal jor in Tibet. Yogambara who is also known as a meditational deity.
Previously, we learn about the viability of Yogambara. Now, we are going to learn about the iconography of the Yogambara.
The iconography of Yogambara
In the iconography of the Yogambara, we will learn about his body posture hand and leg gesture and different representation of Yogambara in Thangka and statue.
Stance of the Yogambara
Yogambara is black in color. He is with three faces i.e. black, white, and red. He has three eyes each.
Yogambara is With six arms. The first two hands of Yogambara hold a vajra and bell while embracing the mother. The remaining right hands of Yogambara caress the breast of the consort and hold an arrow.
The left hands of the Yogambara hold a skullcup and bowl. A jewel, crescent moon, and vishvavajra adorn the black hair as an ornament. Yogambara is with a garland of five skulls.
He has worn Five Buddhas as a crown which contains the six mudras. He has worn a tiger skin tied loosely behind. He Sits in the sattva posture called savasana in the lap is the mother Jnana Dakini, white who is with one face and two hands.
The right-hand holds a katvanga staff and the left a skullcup – embracing the father. He is adorned with the five mudras. Yogambara is with Semi-wrathful in appearance.
Yogambara is dark blue in color. He has three faces i.e. blue, white, and red. The main pair of hands hold a vajra and bell in a gesture of embrace.
The second right of Yogambara caresses the breast of the consort Jnana Dakini. The third holds aloft an arrow. The second left of Yogambara holds a white skullcup and the third upraised a bow.
He is seated in the relaxed Buddhist lotus posture atop a sun disc, lotus, and a lion white snow lion. He is surrounded by a red-orange nimbus and a dark green aureole beneath an ornate canopy decorated with streamers. At the top center of the Yogambara is Vajrasattva.
Previously, we learn about the viability of Yogambara and the iconography of the Yogambara. Now, we are going to learn about the depicting Yoambara thangka.
Depicting Yogambara Thangka
The thangka of Yogambara is from Tibet. It is made between 1600 – 1699 AD. Yogambara is from an uncertain lineage. The base of the painting is Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton. Currently, this painting is in the Rubin Museum of Art.
By depicting this thangka, we will learn about the presentation of Yogambara with different deities such as Jnana Dakini, Akshobhya Buddha, White Goddess, Shri Devi,
Jnana Dakini is on the upper left side of the Yogambara in the thangka. Jnana Dakini is with three faces and six hands.
Akshobhya Buddha is on the proper left side of the composition in the thangka. Akshobhya Buddha is the heavenly realm. Akshobhya Buddha is known as the Abhirati Pureland.
White Goddess is at the right of Yogambara in the thangka. White Goddess is with one face and four hands hold a vase to the heart with the first pair and perform mudras gestures with the second.
Shri Devi is at the right of Yogambara in the thangka. Shri Devi is blue-black in color and with one face and four hands. Shridevi is riding atop a brown mule in a sea of blood surrounded by billowing smoke.
Previously, we learn about the viability of Yogambara and the iconography of the Yogambara, and the depicting Yoambara thangka. Now, we are going to learn about the surrounding Buddha of the Yoambara.
Surrounding Buddha of the Yogambara
In this portion, we are going to learn about the surrounding Buddha of the Yogambara, after that we will learn about the Yogambara artworks across the Himalayas.
Yogambara is peaceful who is white and holding a vajra and bell embracing the consort Vajra Garvi. Yogambara is Surrounded by the following buddha who sits at the top of the cloud are presented below:
Nagarjuna who is widely considered one of the most important Buddhist philosophers. Along with his disciple Aryadeva. He is considered to be the founder of the Madhyamaka school of Mahayana Buddhism.
Nagarjuna is also credited with developing the philosophy of the Prajnaparamita sutras. In some sources, having revealed these scriptures in the world, having recovered them from the nagas water spirits often depicted in the form of serpent-like humans.
Furthermore, he is traditionally supposed to have written several treatises on Rasayana as well as serving a term as the head of Nalanda.
Yogambara artworks across the Himalayas
The Yogambara Deity is also found in many other ancient thangkas and mandalas across Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan.
Mandala of Yogambara with three faces and six arms
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Publication: Wisdom Publications, Calender|
Notes about the Central Figure
Previously, we learn about the viability of Yogambara and the iconography of the Yogambara, and the depicting Yoambara thangka. And Finally, we learn about the surrounding Buddha of the Yoambara.