Nāgārjuna is widely considered one of the most important Buddhist philosophers. Along with his disciple Āryadeva, he is considered to be the founder of the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Nāgārjuna is also credited with developing the philosophy of the Prajñāpāramitā sūtras and, in some sources, with having revealed these scriptures in the world, having recovered them from the nāgas. Furthermore, he is traditionally supposed to have written several treatises on rasayana as well as serving a term as the head of Nālandā.
Buddhists consider Nagarjuna to be a "Second Buddha." His development of the doctrine of sunyata, or emptiness, was a significant milestone in Buddhist history. However, little is known about his life.
It is believed Nagarjuna was born into a Brahmin family in south India, possibly in the latter part of the 2nd century, and he was ordained as a monk in his youth.
Most of the other details of his life have been lost in the .
Mādhyamaka thought had a major influence on the subsequent development of the Mahāyāna Buddhist tradition.
It is for instance the dominant interpretation of Buddhist philosophy in Tibetan Buddhism and has also been influential in East Asian Buddhist .
This article is about the Dalai Lama's thoughts on the The Madhyamaka also referred as "Middle Way".
It is based on the belief that all things are interconnected and interdependent, and that therefore no one thing can be considered in isolation.
The Dalai Lama's views on the "Middle Way"
This article discusses the Dalai Lama's views on the Middle Way Approach, a philosophy which advocates for a balanced and moderate approach to life.
While addressing the congregation at the .
Mahamudra is a form of Tibetan Buddhism that emphasizes the nature of mind.
In Mahamudra, practitioners aim to see the true nature of their minds, which is said to be empty and open.
Origin of the Mahamudra Practice
The main text of Mahamudra is "The Root Text of the Middle Way" by the Indian masterNagarjuna (not to be confused with the earlier philosopher).
The actual practice and lineage of mahāmudrā can be traced back to wandering mahasiddhas or great .
In Vajrayana Buddhism's Tantric teachings, the rituals require the guidance of a teacher.
The teacher is considered essential and to the Buddhist devotee, the guru is the "enlightened teacher and ritual master".
The teacher is known as the vajra guru (literally "diamond .
A lineage in Buddhism is a line of transmission of the Buddhist teaching that is "theoretically traced back to the Buddha himself."
The acknowledgement of the transmission can be oral, or certified in documents.
Several branches of Buddhism, including Chan (including Zen and Seon) and Tibetan Buddhism maintain records of their historical teachers.
These records serve as a validation for the living exponents of the tradition.
In Chan and Zen Buddhism, dharma transmission is a custom .
Mahasiddha is a term for someone who embodies and cultivates the "siddhi of perfection".
A siddha is an individual who, through the practice of sādhanā, attains the realization of siddhis, psychic and spiritual abilities and powers.
Mahasiddhas were practitioners of yoga and tantra, or tantrikas.
The Mahasiddhas are the founders of Vajrayana traditions and lineages such as Dzogchen and Mahamudra.
There is a symbiotic relationship between Tantric Buddhist communities and the Buddhist monastic university such as Nalanda .
Rangtong is the majority Tibetan teaching on the nature of śūnyatā or "emptiness", namely that all phenomena are empty of a self-nature in both the relative and absolute sense, without positing anything beyond that.
This position is the mainstream Tibetan interpretation of Madhyamaka, especially by the followers of Prasaṅgika Mādhyamaka.
Tsongkhapa (1357–1419), who also wrote in response to shentong, is the most outspoken defendant of rangtong. He saw emptiness as a consequence of dependent designation, the .
The 8 Stupas in Buddhism are different with each other and represents an important event in BuddhaShakyamuni's life. In his Astamahasthanacaitya-stotras, Nagarjuna connects the eight Stupas to specific events and places in the Buddha's life.
Chorten, Chaitya or Stupa (མཆོད་རྟེན་དཀར་པོ།) is an important religious monument in Buddhism, symbolizing Buddha’s presence. It also holds precious Buddhist relics and sometimes even preserved bodies of renowned lamas. Tibetans believe that performing Koras of the monument is an .
Guhyasamja is one of Vajrayana Buddhism's most fascinating, difficult, and essential personalities. It combines various important tathagataBuddhas, into one sculpture. It is predominantly is call Akshobhayavajara which is the form of Akshobhaya buddha.
Guhyasamja is the foremost meditational deity of the Method-father class of Anuttarayoga tantra. Guhyasamaja has two main traditions, the Arya (Nagarjuna) Lineage, and the Jnana (Jnanapada) Lineage.
There are three principal iconographic forms of Guhyasamaja; Akshobhyavajra (blue), Manjuvajra (orange), .