Niguma is considered one of the most important and influential yoginis and Vajrayana teachers of the 10th or 11th century in India. She was a dakini, and one of the two female founders of the Shangpa Kagyu school of Vajrayana Buddhism, along with dakini Sukhasiddhi. Her birth name was Shrijnana. Like many of the mahasiddhas and Tantric practitioners of the time, Niguma was known by several names both during her lifetime and afterwards. She was called Yogini Vimalashri, or Vajradhara Niguma, or Jñana (wisdom) Dakini Adorned with Bone (ornaments), or The Sister referring to her purported relationship to the great Buddhist teacher and adept Naropa. She was also sometimes called Nigupta, which is explained by the historical Buddhist scholar Taranatha as follows: "The name Nigu accords with the Indian language, which is Nigupta, and is said to mean 'truly secret' or 'truly hidden.' In fact, it is the code-language of the dakinis of timeless awareness."
The concept of the ḍākinī somewhat differs depending on the context and the tradition.
In Nepalese and Tibetan Buddhism, Dakini can refer to both what can be best described as fierce-looking female embodiments of enlightened energy and to human women with a certain amount of spiritual development, both of which can help Tantric initiates attaining enlightenment.
The ḍākinī appears in a Vajrayana formulation of the Buddhist refuge formula known as the Three Roots. Sometimes she .
The Thirty-Five Confession Buddhas are known from the Sutra of the Three Heaps, popular in Tibetan Buddhism.
35 Buddha Confession Prayer
This confession prayer is very well known in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition. Among English-speaking Buddhist followers, it is commonly referred to as the “Thirty-five Buddhas Confession Prayer.” The Thirty-five Buddhas are special confession buddhas who, while bodhisattvas, made special vows to assist others to overcome their negativities. Its actual title is the Sutra of Three .
Vajrayogini is a tantricBuddhist deity who is also called as Vajravarahi in Tantric Buddhism, or Vajrayana, a tradition in which she is considered the supreme deity more revered than any male buddha. She represents the path leading to female Buddhahood.
She is also a dakini, a term that describes a female supernatural being or an accomplished yogini, and is considered the queen of the dakinis.
Her name comes from the Sanskrit, vajra, which means “diamond” or “thunderbolt,” .
This is mid-20th-century painting of Machik Labdron and the Chod refuge field displaying teachers and deities.
Thangka Painting Chart
Depicting the Painting of Machik Labdron and Chod Refuge
Asaṅga was "one of the most important spiritual figures" of Mahayana Buddhism and the "founder of the Yogacara school".
Traditionally, he and his half-brother Vasubandhu are regarded as the major classical Indian Sanskrit exponents of MahayanaAbhidharma, Vijñanavada (awareness only) thought and Mahayana teachings on the .