Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso was the Fifth Dalai Lama, and the first Dalai Lama to wield effective temporal and spiritual power over all Tibet. He is often referred to simply as the Great Fifth, being a key religious and temporal leader of Tibetan Buddhism and Tibet. Gyatso is credited with unifying all Tibet after a Mongol military intervention which ended a protracted era of civil wars. As an independent head of state, he established diplomatic relations with China and other regional countries and also met early European explorers. Gyatso also wrote 24 volumes' worth of scholarly and religious works on a wide range of subjects.
Dalai Lama is a title given by the Tibetan people to the foremost spiritual leader of the Gelug or "Yellow Hat" school of Tibetan Buddhism, the newest and most dominant of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
The 14th and current Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso, who lives as a refugee in India. The Dalai Lama is also considered to be the successor in a line of tulkus who are believed to be incarnations .
Tsangpa Karpo is a wrathful worldly protector of Tibet. Tsangpa Karpo was a dynasty that dominated large parts of Tibet from 1565 to 1642. It was the last Tibetan royal dynasty to rule in its own name.
The regime of Tsangpa Karpo was founded by Karma Tseten, a low-born retainer of the prince of the Rinpungpa Dynasty and governor of Shigatse in Tsang (West-Central Tibet) since 1548.
Tsangpa is known as gTsang pa in Tibet.
Iconography of .
Virupa is also known as Yogeshvara. Virupa is surrounded by students and lineage teachers.
Siddha Virupa is especially known as the source of the Lamdre system held by the Sakya school and is thus seen as the Indian founder of their lineage.
The life of Siddha Virupa
In this section, we are going to learn about the life of Siddha Virupa, after te short etymological description of the word Siddha Virupa itself.
Etymology of Siddha Virupa
Virupa is known .
Buddhism in Tibet started in the sixth century. It was transmitted by the great Buddhist teacher of India for the next eight years. Tibetan Buddhism begins with Bon. The Bon religion of Tibet was animistic and shamanistic, and elements of it live on today, to one degree or another, in Tibetan Buddhism.
Introduction of Buddhism In Tibet
When Buddhism was introduced into Tibet in the seventh century under King Songtsen Gampo, it was apparently centered in the .
Thangkas can be made in a wide variety of techniques: silk tapestry with cut designs, color printing, embroidery, brocade, applique, and pearl inlay. Therefore, there are various styles.
The common size of thangkas, with a scroll at the bottom, is usually 75 centimeters long and 50 centimeters wide. Besides, there is the banner style, measuring is 1.1 meters long and about 3.5 meters wide.
According to the material, thangkas can be divided into two types:
Tertön is a term within Tibetan Buddhism meaning a person who is a discoverer of ancient hidden texts or terma.
Origin of the Tertöns
Many tertöns are considered to be incarnations of the twenty five main disciples of Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche), who foresaw a dark time in Tibet.
Padmasambhava and his consort Yeshe Tsogyal hid teachings to be found in the future to benefit beings.
According to generally accepted history, the rediscovering of terma began with the first .
Shri Kalachakra is also known as a Buddhist Tantra of the Non-dual classification.
Kalacakra is the name of the foundational Buddhisttantric treatise of this tradition, composed in Sanskrit and later translated into Tibetan.
The life of the Kalachakra
In this portion, we will learn about the life f the Kalachakra. And after that, we'll learn about the short etymological description of the word Kalachakraitself.
Etymology of the Kalachakra
Kalachakra is known as Dus Kyi Khor lo in Tibet. .