Namkhai Norbu was a Tibetan Dzogchen master. When he was two years old, Namkhai Norbu was recognized as the 'mindstream emanation', a tulku, of the Dzogchen teacher Adzom Drugpa (1842–1924). At five, he was also recognized as a mindstream emanation of an emanation of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel (1594–1651). From an early age, Namkhai Norbu undertook an accelerated course of study, attending monastic college, taking retreats, and studying with renowned teachers, including some of the most important Tibetan masters of his time. Under the tutelage of these teachers, he completed the training required by the Buddhist tradition in both Sutrayana and Tantrayana. At the age of sixteen, he met master Rigdzin Changchub Dorje (1826–1961/1978), who became his principal Dzogchen teacher.
Machig Labdron is a founder of the Cho Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. Machig Labdron was a renowned 11th-century TibetantantricBuddhist practitioner, teacher, and yogini who originated several Tibetan lineages of the Vajrayana practice of Chod. Machig Labdron may have come from a Bon family and, according to Namkhai Norbu, developed Chod by combining native shamanism with the Dzogchenteaching.
Machig Labdron may have come from a Bon family and, according to Namkhai Norbu, developed .
This is mid-20th-century painting of Machik Labdron and the Chod refuge field displaying teachers and deities.
Thangka Painting Chart
Depicting the Painting of Machik Labdron and Chod Refuge
Asaṅga was "one of the most important spiritual figures" of Mahayana Buddhism and the "founder of the Yogacara school".
Traditionally, he and his half-brother Vasubandhu are regarded as the major classical Indian Sanskrit exponents of MahayanaAbhidharma, Vijñanavada (awareness only) thought and Mahayana teachings on the .
Avalokitesvara, the Lord of Compassion, gazes out across the world, his white radiance soothing the sufferings of living beings. With one pair of hands, he clasps to his heart the wish-fulfilling gem of his vow to eradicate the world's pain. In his upper left hand, he holds the lotus of spiritual receptivity, the desire to leave the mud of samsara and reach up toward the sun of true happiness. Above his head, we sense .
Tertön is a term within Tibetan Buddhism meaning a person who is a discoverer of ancient hidden texts or terma.
Origin of the Tertöns
Many tertöns are considered to be incarnations of the twenty five main disciples of Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche), who foresaw a dark time in Tibet.
Padmasambhava and his consort Yeshe Tsogyal hid teachings to be found in the future to benefit beings.
According to generally accepted history, the rediscovering of terma began with the first .
Nyingma traditional histories consider their teachings to trace back to the first Buddha Samantabhadra (Güntu Sangpo) and Indian mahasiddhas such as Garab Dorjé, Śrī Siṃha and Jñānasūtra.
Traditional sources trace the origin of the Nyingma order in Tibet to figures associated with the initial introduction of Buddhism in the 8th century, such as Padmasambhava, Yeshe Tsogyal, Vimalamitra, Vairotsana, Buddhaguhya and Shantaraksita.
Nyingma teachings are also known for having been passed down through networks of lay practitioners .
Rinpoche, also spelled Rimboche and Rinboku, is an honorific term used in the Tibetan language.
It literally means "precious one", and may refer to a person, place, or thing—like the words "gem" or "jewel".
The word consists of rin (value), po (nominalizing suffix) and chen (big).
The word is used in the context of Tibetan Buddhism as a way of showing respect when addressing those recognized as reincarnated, older, respected, notable, learned and/or an accomplished Lamas .