The Sixteen Arhats are a group of legendary Arhats in Buddhism. The grouping of sixteen Arhats was brought to China, and later to Tibet, from India. In China, an expanded group of Eighteen Arhats later became much more popular, but worship of the sixteen Arhats still continues to the present day in China, Japan and Tibet. In Japan sixteen Arhats are particularly popular in Zen Buddhism, where they are treated as examples of behaviour. In Tibet, the sixteen Arhats, also known as sixteen sthaviras ('elders') are the subject of a liturgical practice associated with the festival of the Buddha's birth, composed by the Kashmiri teacher Shakyahribhadra (1127-1225). They are also well represented in Tibetan art.
In Buddhism, an arahant or arhat is one who has gained insight into the true nature of existence and has achieved Nibbana and liberated from the endless cycle of rebirth.
Mahayana Buddhist traditions have used the term for people far advanced along the path of Enlightenment, but who may not have reached full Buddhahood.
The understanding of the concept has changed over the centuries, and varies between different schools of Buddhism and different regions.
Angaja is the elder of 16 arhats. He is known as Angiraja. In Sanskrit, he is called as Angaja, or Angiraja. ཡན་ལག་འབྱུང་, Yenlak Jung or Yenlak Kyé; Wyl. yan lag ‘byung, or yan lag skyes in Tibetan. He is one of the arhats among the Sixteen Arhats.
The Life of Angaja
In this segment, we are going to learn about the life of Angaja.
As a householder, Angiraja was immensely wealthy and gave away all his wealth seven times, but he realized .
Gopaka is the Elders who are known as the 15th and 1st arhats from the set of 16 great arhats. Gopaka is also called principal students of the BuddhaShakyamuni.
The Viability of the Gopaka
In this portion, we are going to learn about the Viability of the Gopaka. After that, we are going to learn about the short etymological description of the word Gopaka itself.
Etymology of the Gopaka
The meaning of Gopaka is ne ten, be .
Vanavasin the Elder is the 3rd arhat from the set of 16 great arhats. Vanavasin is also known as presides over the Seven Leaves Mountain with four hundred disciples.
The life of the Vanavasin
In this section, we are going to learn about the life of Vanavasin. And after, we will learn about the short etymological description of the word Vanavasin itself.
Etymology of Vanavasin
Vanavasin is known as Pag pa Ne ten, nag la Ne in Tibet. .
Bakula is also known as the Elder from the set of 16 great arhats. Bakula is typical of the group of arhats and advance in age.
The Life of the Bakula
In this section, we are going to learn about the life of the Bakula. And we will learn about the short etymological description of the word Bakula itself.
Etymology of Bakula
Bakula is known as Sthavira Bakula in Sanskrit.
Earlier, we learn about the life of the Bakula. .
By the time the painter sat down to begin the sketch he already had in mind the main contents and design of the thangka. Usually, the patron had indicated to the painter precisely which deities he wanted to be depicted.
Sometimes the patron also furnished a diagram that showe the names and relative positions of each figure in the painting, such diagrams often having been composed by the lama of the patron.
When the patron provided .