Samatha vs Vipassanā meditation
The Buddho Foundation

Samatha vs Vipassanā Meditation

The article of reference examines the distinction between and Vipassanā in the tradition. While Vipassanā, or “,” is often seen as the primary or most effective way to gain spiritual understanding, it is actually based on the “New Burmese Method” developed by , a renowned teacher from the 20th century.

Mahasi Sayadaw saw the value of () and presented Vipassanā as an accessible starting point for those who found it difficult to focus only on concentration from the start.

He used Vipassanā as a way to create a path that would eventually lead to the development of concentration. This combination of concentration and insight meditation is consistent with .

The article emphasizes the importance of developing concentration as a prerequisite for insight, much like Ahba, another meditation teacher, who likens the to a .

Without concentration, the mind is compared to a “dirty body” on which one tries to hang the “jewels” of insight through Vipassanā. Only with a clean, concentrated mind can insight truly blossom. This underscores the gradual path of morality, concentration, and , in line with the as taught by the .

It is evident that vipassana cannot be effectively practiced without concentration, as it is necessary to control cravings, which are seen as the source of .

This suggests that there is no “shortcut” to spiritual development, and that it requires , commitment, and following the full path of morality, concentration, and wisdom.

This is in line with the of many meditation teachers, who emphasize the importance of all three in achieving .

References

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