Gyalpo spirits are one of the eight classes of haughty gods and spirits in Tibetan mythology and religion. Gyalpo, a word which simply means "king" in the Tibetic languages, in Tibetan mythology is used to refer to the Four Heavenly Kings and especially to a class of spirits, both Buddhist and Bon, who may be either malevolent spirits or oath-bound as dharmapalas.
According to Tibetan Buddhist myth, Gyalpo Pehar ( Tibetan: རྒྱལ་པོ་དཔེ་ཧར ) is a spirit belonging to the gyalpo class.
When Padmasambhava arrived in Tibet in the eighth century, he subdued all gyalpo spirits and put them under control of Gyalpo Pehar, who promised not to harm any sentient beings and was made the chief guardian spirit of Samye during the reign of Trisong Deutsen.
The protector deity Pehar Gyalpo is depicted with three Geluk masters above.
Tsangpa Karpo is a wrathful worldly protector of Tibet. Tsangpa Karpo was a dynasty that dominated large parts of Tibet from 1565 to 1642. It was the last Tibetan royal dynasty to rule in its own name.
The regime of Tsangpa Karpo was founded by Karma Tseten, a low-born retainer of the prince of the Rinpungpa Dynasty and governor of Shigatse in Tsang (West-Central Tibet) since 1548.
Tsangpa is known as gTsang pa in Tibet.
Iconography of .
Tibetan mythology refers to the traditional as well as the religious stories that have been passed down by the Tibetan people.
Tibetan mythology consists mainly of national mythology stemming from the Tibetan culture as well as religious mythology from both Tibetan Buddhism and Bön Religion.
These myths are often passed down orally, through rituals or through traditional art like sculptures or cave paintings.
They also feature a variety of different creatures ranging from gods to .
A dharmapāla is a type of wrathful god in Buddhism.
The name means "dharma protector" in Sanskrit, and the dharmapālas are also known as the Defenders of the Justice (Dharma), or the Guardians of the Law.
There are two kinds of dharmapala, Worldly Guardians (lokapala) and Wisdom Protectors (jnanapala).
Only Wisdom Protectors are enlightened beings.
In Vajrayana iconography and thangka depictions, dharmapala are fearsome beings, often with many heads, many hands, or many feet.