Buddha Vairocana – The embodiment of Dharmakaya

Buddha Vairochana Thangka

Buddha Vairocana – The embodiment of Dharmakaya

is a who has also known as the embodiment of and therefore can be seen as the universal aspect of the historical . In Sino-Japanese , he seems to the embodiment of the concept of shunyata or Emptiness. In the fifth Buddhism Conception of , he is at the center.

His consort is . The Vairocana statue in Nara’s Todai-Ji which is located in is the largest bronze image of the Vairocana Buddha in the world. The larger of the monumental statues that were destroyed at Bamyan in Afghanistan was also a depiction of Vairocana.

Varoicana is dedicated to Java, Indonesia, the ninth-century Mendut near the Borobudur in Magelang. The temple which is built by the Sailendra dynasty was featured 3 meters tall seated stone statue of Dhyani Buddha Vairocana performing the hand gesture.  The statue flanked with the statue of Boddhisatva and Boddhisatva .

Net is first to introduce by Buddha Vairocana.  Now  Vairocana Buddha is sitting atop a pedestal; On a thousand flowers surrounding me are a thousand Sakyamuni Buddhas. Each flower supports a hundred million worlds in each world, a Sakyamuni Buddha appears. All are seated beneath a Bodhi-tree, all simultaneously attain .

Innumerable of Vairocana

All these innumerable Buddhas have Vairocana as their original .  Innumerable of Vairocana is also mentioned in the Flower Garland Sutra, however, the doctrine of Vairocana Buddha is based largely on the of the Mahavairocana Sutra and to a lesser degree the . Vairocana features prominently in the Chinese school of Hua-Yen Buddhism, and also later schools including Japanese Buddhism, and Japanese esoteric, or Buddhism.

In the case of Shingon Buddhism, Vairocana is the central figure. In Sino-Japanese Buddhism, Vairocana was gradually superseded as an object of reverence by , due in large part to the increasing popularity of Buddhism, but Vairocana’s legacy still remains in the Todai-Ji temple with its massive bronze statue and in Shingon Buddhism, which holds a sizeable minority among Japanese Buddhists. Vairocana is not to be confused with Vairocana, who appears in the eighth chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad as the of the Asura.

Vajrasekhara Sutra

The Vajrasekhara Sutra is an important which is used in the schools of Buddhism but can refer to a number of different . In particular, a cycle of 18 texts studied by , which included both , and the , a text which appears to be composed of two words grouped together and to further confuse matters in the Japanese Shingon school the Sarvatathāgatatattvasaṃgraha Tantra is known by this name. In , it is also considered also the main representative of the class of texts.

The tantra begins with Vairocana Buddha preaching the to a great host of , including , in the Pure Land of Akanishta. As he preaches the Dharma, Prince Sarvarthasiddhi, the esoteric name of the Buddha, , is meditating under the . is imminent, but the Prince has still not attained it because he is still attached in some small way to his forsaken ascetic practices. Despairing over his inability to find Enlightenment, he is visited by Buddhist figures who were just now learning the Dharma from Vairocana.

Mahavairocana sutra

The Mahavairocana Tantra which is known as the first true Buddhist tantra, the earliest comprehensive manual of . Mahavairocana Tantra was first probably composed in the middle of the 7th century, in all probability in north-eastern at . The text of the Mahavairocana Tantra is lost, but it survives in Chinese and Tibetan translations.

The Chinese translation has preserved the original Sanskrit in the Siddhaṃ script. The text was translated into Chinese in 724 by Subhakarasiṃha who had traveled to from Nalanda. It is possible that the Sanskrit text was taken to China circa 674 by the Chinese pilgrim Wu-xing. 

The doctrine of Buddha Vairocana

In the of , the word Vairocana has the connotation of a brilliant and luminous . Indeed, he is also known as  Namnang in Tibet which has meant the illuminator and the Japanese translate as Great Sun. It was the sutra which has that prompted the Japanese , Kukai to journey to China to learn more about Buddhism.

Vairocana which often displays the Dharmacakra . Dharmacakra in Sanskrit means the . Dharmacakra mudra symbolizes one of the most important moments in the historical life of the Buddha, the occasion when he preached to his companions the first sermon after his Enlightenment in the Deer Park at .

Thus, it denotes the setting into motion of of the teaching of the Dharma. Vairocana is an idealization of this central function of the Buddha as a teacher, without which there would have been no Buddhism and no path to enlightenment. While Buddha is seen as a personification of   Vairocana is often seen as a personification of .

Iconography of Vairocana

Significantly, he is said to be the sum of all the and combines all their qualities. He is pure white since white is a blend of all colors. His lotus seat is supported by a pair of two great lions.

The lion is the king of beasts and when he roars all others fall silent. Similar is the roar of Buddha’s teachings, in relation to the grandeur of which all other voices of our everyday life become insignificant and fall silent. meditating on the image of Vairocana is specifically believed to transform the delusion of into the wisdom preached by the Dharma.

When Gautama Buddha turned the wheel of the Dharma, by ignorance it illuminated the of men and women darkened. With regard to Emptiness, the massive size and brilliance of Vairocana statues are intended to serve as a reminder that all existence is empty, and without a permanent identity. He is distinguishing about emblem is the golden or solar wheel.

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