Depicting Ancient Sridevi Thangka (Dudsolma)
Shri Devi wrathful with one face and four hands holding upraised a sword, a skullcup to the heart, a peg dagger and a trident, riding atop a mule. At the top center is the Heruka form of Shri Hevajra and Vajra Nairatmya.
Shri Devi is a category of Tantric Buddhist deity. Her primary function is as a protector (Dharmapala) and specifically the primary female Wisdom Protector of Himalayan and Tibetan Buddhism. There are dozens of different variations and forms of Shri Devi.
Table of Contents
Mahayana and tantric traditions of Buddhism
The wrathfulness is intended to depict their willingness to defend and guard Buddhist followers against dangers and enemies. The astagatyah (the eight kinds of non-human beings) is one category of Dharmapala, which includes :
They are enemies of the Nagas (snakes) and are sometimes depicted with a serpent held between their claws.
In Buddhism Deva’s are highly evolved beings who inhabit different levels of existence. Deva’s are commonly associated with great beauty and bliss.
Buddhism is one of many different types of non-human beings who share the godlike characteristics of being more powerful, longer-lived, and, in general, much happier than humans, although the same level of veneration is not paid to them as to buddhas.
The concept of devas was adopted in Japan partly because of the similarity to Shinto’s concept of kami.
Nagas are mythical serpent beings that originated in Hinduism. In Buddhism, they often are protectors of the Buddha and of the dharma.
Gandharvas in the historic sense acted as messengers between the gods and humans today they are nothing but imitators, cheaters, liars and those who have tricked themselves into the sound or ‘into being god’.
In Hindu law, a Gandharva marriage is one contracted by mutual consent and without formal rituals.
The asuras battle constantly with the devas. Asuras are described in Indian texts as powerful superhuman demigods with good or bad qualities.
The good Asuras are called Adityas and are led by Varuna, while the malevolent ones are called Danavas and are led by Vritra.
In later Vedic and post-Vedic texts, the benevolent gods are called Devas, while malevolent Asuras compete against these Devas and are considered “enemy of the gods”.
Kinnara is also known as a paradigmatic lover, a celestial musician, half-human and half-horse.
In South-east Asia, two of the most beloved mythological characters are the benevolent half-human, half-bird creatures known as the Kinnara and Kinnari, which are believed to come from the Himalayas and often watch over the well-being of humans in times of trouble or danger.
Their character is clarified in the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata, where they say.
The Mahoraga is one of the eight classes of deities that are said to protect the Dharma.
They are described as huge subterranean serpents who lie on their sides and rotate the earth, which occasionally causes earthquakes.
Like the kinnara, the mahoraga is also associated with music.
They are understood as being associated with large serpents such as pythons, while the nāgas are more closely related to the cobra.
In most occurrences and uses of Shri Devi, but not all, she is paired with a specific form of Mahakala.
The textual source for Magzor Gyalmo is Dakinyagnijihajvala Tantra, Dege Kanjur, It is found in the Nyingma Tantra section.
Shri Devi is not one entity or personality. Depending on the form of Shri Devi she could be a wrathful emanation of a number of different deities such as Shri Devi Magzor Gyalmo is the wrathful form of Sarasvati. Some forms of Shri Devi with four arms such as Dudusolma are the wrathful form of Shri Lakshmi.