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Medicine Buddha as Chinese Pantheon

, one of the three, one of the three foremost Buddhas of the Chinese Pantheon, is a Buddha of the past era.

Master of Healing

He is known as Yao Shih Fwo. Better known to the people like the Buddha of or the , he is dear to the of many, for they have indeed received his blessings in the of miraculous from all kinds of illness.

The title ‘ of ’, is a literal translation of his name ‘Bhaisajyaguru’, the Buddha who favors worshippers with relief from the troubles of the world. Apart from curing illness, warding such calamities as famine, drought, and plague, granting and assisting the dead, Yao Shih Fwo is known to have dispensed all kinds of mundane benefits to those who pray to him.

Origination of Bhaisajyaguru Buddha

The Buddha’s efficacy in preventing calamities and granting besides curing illness has attracted a steady number of believers and devotees since the of the Eastern Chin Dynasty (317–420) to the present day.

The of the Buddha of Medicine (Bhaisajyaraja Sutra) was also translated into Chinese at that period of time which provided a full account on the peerless Buddha, his Paradise, and his Twelve Great .

Tripitaka Master Hsuan Tsang

However, the later translation made by Tripitaka Master Hsuan Tsang, the famous of the Tang Dynasty, known as the Sutra of the Master of Healing (BhaisajyaguruVaidurya-Prabhasa ), is the more popular Sutra which is widely read by most people today.

Bhaisajyaguru and other Bodhisattvas

Despite his great popularity, dedicated to him are very scarce so that those who wish to him may do so at temples where his images can be found. He is often found in a triad with Sakyamuni Buddha and , and his are either the medicine or the . When depicted alone, he holds his symbol with his left hand and he is normally attended to by his prominent disciples, the Great ‘Radiance of the ’ and the ‘Radiance of the Moon’.

Sutra of the Master of Healing Sakyamuni Buddha

In the Sutra of the Master of Healing Sakyamuni Buddha described Yao Shih Fwo to Manjusri thus:

“Eastward from here, beyond Buddha-land about ten times as numerous as the sands of the Ganga, there is a world called ‘The Pure Crystal Realm’, the Paradise of Yao Shih. Its Buddha has a few titles, such as the Master of Healing, Azure Radiance Tathagata, the Arhat of Perfect Knowledge, the Perfect Mind and Deed, the Well Departed Sugata, the Knower of the World, the Peerless Nobleman, the Man Who Brings the Passion of Men Under Control, the Teacher of Devas and Men”.

While still a bodhisattva, he made Twelve Great Vows to free living beings from the bondage of . He vowed to guard their progress towards , to help them keep their precepts, to free them from the snares of wrong practices and false doctrines, to provide food and drink for the hungry, to restore the bodies of the deformed, to rescue those facing execution and to lead them to a happy and tranquil life. The full text of the Twelve Vows cannot be given fully here but the seventh Vow, which specifically pledges to relieve man of physical illness and to dispel his spiritual confusion earned him the title of ‘Physician of Soul’, runs like this:

“I vow that after my reincarnation and having attained Perfect Enlightenment, those who are tormented by diseases, who have nobody to whom they can seek help, without a refuge, without a doctor, without medicine, without relatives, without a home; these poor and Miserables beings shall all of them be free from diseases and pains, and shall enjoy perfect health of the body and mind, once my name reaches their ears. They shall have families, friends, and properties a-plenty, and shall all be brought to the Supreme Enlightenment of Buddha.”

Through the perfection of these Great Vows, the bodhisattva has attained and thus became known as Yao Shih Fwo, the Buddha who is able to bestow all kinds of benefits to those who have faith in him?

In the same Sutra, the Buddha Sakyamuni also revealed to Manjusri that:

“A woman may suffer from great pain while giving birth. If she can wholeheartedly worship the Buddha of Medicine and to invoke the name Tathagata, worship Him, and make offerings to Him, all pain will vanish, the newly born will have a sound and healthy body; whoever sees him will rejoice at his being so clever, so strong and healthy; and no demon comes to rob him of his vitality.


Bhaisajyaguru – The First Doctor

is also known as Bhaisajyaguru. Bhaisajyaguru (also known as The First Doctor) is the Buddha of healing and medicine in tradition, aka the ”Medicine Buddha”.

The original name of this healing is Bhaisajyaguru Prabharaja. Bhaisajyaguruvaiḍuryaprabharaja Sutra (Medicine Buddha mantra script) was found in , , and Afghanistan, dated before the 7th century.

Zopa said:

Medicine Buddha is called ‘encompassing all the Buddhas’. This means that offering the seven-limb practice is the same as offering the seven limbs to numberless buddhas, so one accumulates numberless inconceivable merits like limitless sky.

Mantra of Medicine Buddha

namo bhagavate bhaiṣajyaguru vaiḍūryaprabharājāya tathāgatāya arahate samyaksambuddhāya tadyathā: oṃ bhaiṣajye bhaiṣajye bhaiṣajya-samudgate svāhā.

By recruiting the mantra of Medicine Buddha, it helps to generate good karma for the future. To do so you need only to cherish the name of this World-honoured  Master of Healing whole-heartedly and without a doubt. Daily you should contemplate on his vows or his form, recite his name and make to him with what you can.

Through this devotion, you will easily learn to practice and loving to those who are unfortunate, ill, lost, hungry or are in pain and distress. It will also lead you to pray and wish on all sentient beings.

The prayer which comes out from your heart that is ladened with of concern for others’ well-being is, of course, the best that you can offer to the Buddha, but here is the

Universal Prayer which is on the lips of many

Dharani Mantra

In the Sutra of the Master of Healing the Buddha also revealed to Manjusri the great (mystical formula) which one should recite for the purpose of delivering beings from their diseases and miseries:

“Namo Bhagavate Bhaisajyaguru-Vaidurya-Prabha-Rajaya. Tathagataya Arhate Samyaksam-Buddhaya Tadyatha Bhasajye Bhaisajye-Bhaisajye-Samudgate Savaha”

Regarding the efficacy of this great prayer the Buddha said:

“Manjusri, if you see a pious man or woman who suffers from a disease, you shall do the following wholeheartedly for these people: let them keep clean by taking frequent baths and rinse their mouths, give them food, medicine and clean water, and recite the Dharani for a hundred and eight times, then all diseases will disappear entirely. If one should have a particular wish, he should concentrate and recite the magical formula. Then he will fulfill all he wishes, he will be without disease and will live longer. After his death, he will be born in paradise without having to return to this world, and will, in the end,    attain perfect Enlightenment”.

Medicine Buddha Mantra in Sanskrit short version

Medicine Buddha Mantra in Sanskrit long version

Om Namo bhagawate Bhaishjaya Vaidurya Prabha Rajaya Tathagataya Arhate Samyaksam Buddhaya Teyatha Om Bekhajye Bekhajye Maha Bekhajye Bekhajye Rajaya Samudgate

Tibetan Form of Medicine Buddha Mantra

Tad-ya-ta Om Be-kan-dze Be-kan-dze Ma-ha Be-kan-dze Ra-dza Sa-mung-ga-te So-ha

Medicine Buddha Mantra short version

Tayata Om Bekandze Bekandze Maha Bekandze Radza Samundgate Soha

Medicine Buddha Mantra in English

May the many sentient beings who are sick, Quickly be freed from sickness. And may all the sicknesses of beings Never arise again.

The Power of Mantra

The power of a mantra mainly depends on your faith in the mantra. How much negative karma you can purify or how many activities you can accomplish by reciting the mantra comes from your faith in the mantra, not from how you recite it.

In other words, it doesn’t depend on whether or not you recite it correctly according to Sanskrit. Most Tibetans don’t learn Sanskrit; in , they recite in their own way. The power comes from having strong faith in the mantra and its benefits.

Power of mantra comes from faith, not from how you recite it

The story of the old woman who was able to cook stones by reciting the deity Chunda’s mantra. The mantra is actually om chale chule chunde svaha, but she recited om bale bule bunde svaha.

One day her son, a monk living in thirty-six vows, came home and heard his mother reciting om bale bule bunde svaha. He corrected her, and she then changed to reciting om chale chule chunde svaha.

This mantra is used when there’s a famine; you recite this mantra and are then able to cook and eat stones. She was able to cook the stones with the mantra she used before, om bale bule bunde svaha, but when she changed to the correct mantra, the stones didn’t cook.

When the correct mantra didn’t , she changed back to the incorrect one, which again worked.

The power of mantra comes from faith, not from how you recite it. Because they don’t know Sanskrit, many Tibetans recite mantras in a way that is not correct according to the Sanskrit.

Representation of Medicine Buddha in Thangka and Mandala


Traditionally Medicine Buddha is in the center of the Mandala and Thangka. It is believed that Bhaisajyaguru, the Medicine Buddha, indirectly teaches the science of healing to his followers.

In thangka of Medicine Buddha, the in the upper section are representations of the lineage of medical , including , , and .

In  Medicine Buddha is in the central palace of the Mandala of the Medicine Buddha is the site where the science of medicine is taught. Buddha, as Bhaisajyaguru, the Medicine Buddha, sits on a engraved with gems at the center of the palace, at the center of Sudarsana, the city of medicine.

He is sitting upon a and moon disc. His is green in color and the green light indicates the connection between environmental activism and practice exists. He is surrounded by layers of mantras.

His right hand, in the gesture of granting sublime realizations, rests on his right knee and holds the stem of an aura plant between his thumb and index finger.

His left hand, in the gesture of , holds a lapis lazuli bowl filled with medicinal nectar. He is seated in the posture.

12 vows of Medicine Buddha

  1. To illuminate countless with his radiance, enabling anyone to become a Buddha just like him.
  2. To provide the sentient beings with whatever material needs they require.
  3. To awaken the of sentient beings through his light of lapis lazuli.
  4. To correct heretical views and inspire beings toward the path of the Bodhisattva.
  5. To heal beings born with deformities, illness or other physical .
  6. To help beings follow Moral Precepts, even if they failed before.
  7. To help relieve the destitute and the sick.
  8. To help heal mental afflictions and delusions.
  9. To help women who wish to be reborn as men achieve their desired rebirth.
  10. To help the oppressed be free from .
  11. To relieve those who suffer from terrible hunger and thirst.
  12. To help clothe those who are destitute and suffering from cold and mosquitoes.

According to Lama Zopa Rinpoche

“If you can recite Bhaisajyaguru mantra as much as you can every day (good to do at least 5 ), this will purify negative karma and will help you never to be reborn in the lower realms.”

Lama Zopa Rinpoche also stated – ”Besides the benefits you receive from reciting this medicine mantra, also these are the benefits just from the mantra. Thus, this mantra is much more precious than the whole sky full of diamonds and infinite jewels. With this healing mantra, you can liberate numberless sentient beings from oceans of suffering and bring them to enlightenment.

Therefore, again, reciting even one mantra or hearing just once this mantra is much more precious than the sky filled with diamonds, gold, wish-fulfilling jewels and zillions and zillions of dollars.”







4 thoughts on “Medicine Buddha as Chinese Pantheon”

        1. Namaste Ming,

          You can start the chanting of the mantra without empowerment from a guru.
          It is about your faith and Power of mantra comes from faith, not from how you recite it.

          Thank you

Please leave your reply Here

About sadiksha

Namaste! I am a Nepali Art Dealer specialized in Mandala and Thangka paintings. I love to write articles about the monastic culture of the Himalayas.

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