Explaining Lama Teacher Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen

Explaining Lama Teacher Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen

PanditaKunga Gyeltsen was a and scholar and the fourth of the Five Sakya Forefathers.

He is held in the tradition to have been an emanation of Manjusri, the embodiment of the of all the .

The Viability of Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen

In this portion, we are going to talk about the life of Sakya PanditaKunga Gyeltsen. After a short etymological description of the word Sakya PanditaKunga Gyeltsen itself, we will review his lecture and beyond. Finally, we will learn about Sakya and traditions.

Kunga Gyeltsen has generally known simply as a title given to him in recognition of his scholarly achievements and of Sanskrit.

Etymology of Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen

He is the fourth Sakya Forefather and sixth and one of the most important figures in the Sakya lineage.

He is held in the tradition to have been an emanation of Manjusri, the embodiment of the wisdom of all the Buddhas.

Sanskrit Literature

After that, he also known as a great scholar in , Mongolia, and and was proficient in the five great sciences of , , grammar, dialectics, and Sanskrit literature as well as the minor sciences of rhetoric, synonymies, poetry, dancing, and astrology.

Sakya and Ngor traditions

It became customary in and around the 15th century within the Sakya and Ngor traditions to have a set of lineage commissioned prior to the several month-long cycles of instructions and initiations into that system of theory and practice.

Sometimes the individual making up a set would be commissioned by different individuals attending the course of and not always commissioned by a single .

It is also common to depict in every single composition a complete secondary lineage such as in this having the Guhyasamaja lineage surrounding the two central Lamdre teachers.

Iconography of the Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen

In the of the Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen, we will learn about her posture, hand and leg gesture, and different representations of the Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen in and statue.

Posture of Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen

Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen is on the left side and his nephew Chogyal Papa is seated on the right side and surrounded by the lineage teachers of the ; Akshobhyavajra, , and Avalokita.

The thangka belongs to a larger set of paintings with the greatest likelihood being that of a Lamdre lineage set.

His two hands are held in the teaching gesture while holding the stems of two Utpala flowers supporting a sword and book.

Depicting Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen Thangka

The thangka of  Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen is from Central Tibet. It is made in between 1400 AD to 1499 AD. Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen is from Ngor, Sakya, and Buddhist lineage.

The base of the painting is , mineral pigment, fine gold line are used to make the painting.

Presently, this painting is in Shelley & Donald Rubin.

Chogyal Pagpa

Chogyal Pagpa is on the right side with the same gesture and flower blossoms supporting a and .

Manjuvajra Guhyasamaja

Manjuvajra Guhyasamaja is between the two and slightly above is who is orange in color.

Akshobhyavajra Guhyasamaja

Above the head of Sakya Pandita, there is Akshobhyavajra Guhyasamaja who is blue in color.

Avalokitshvara Guhyasamaja

Above Chogyal Pagpa, there is Guhyasamaja who is red in color.

Guhyasamaja

At the top left and moving towards the right of the thangka, there is the lineage of the Guhyasamaja practice and initiation lineage.

Gujyasamaja Lineage

The Guhyasamaja Lineage of Jnanapada which are as listed below

  1. Arya
  2. Buddha
  3. Marmedze Zangpo
  4. Shri Deva
  5. Vimalagupta
  6. Ratnavajra
  7. Ratnakirti
  8. Pendapa
  9. Lama Nyen
  10. Lama Nang Kaupa
  11. The Lord of Sakyapa.

 

Sakya Pandita with Vajradhara Thangka

In a perfect pose similar to a buddha Sakya Pandita performs the Dharma Teaching with the two hands placed at the heart while holding the stems of two Utpala flowers blossoming to the sides supporting the sword of wisdom and the book.

Sakya Pandita is fully attired in the robes of an ordained having proven worthy. Sakya Pandita wears the hat of a Pandita.

Within the ornate spheres of a nimbus and aureola, Sakya Pandita sits above a variously colored blossom atop a Dharma Teaching

At the front of the thangka, there is a small table supports a black begging , cup, and gold flask.

Primordial Buddha Vajradhara

Primordial Buddha Vajradhara is at the top center of the thangka.  Primordial Buddha Vajradhara has held a vajra and bell crossed at the heart.

Vajradhara is wearing jewels and garments.

Female Goddess Nairatmya

Female Goddess is at the right of the thangka. Nairatmya is holding upraised a curved knife in the right hand and a skullcup in the lap.

Mahasiddha Kanhapa

Below is the Kanhapa who is with the right hand in the mudra of blessing and holding a skullcup in the left.

Wrathful Bodhisattva Vajrapani

The wrathful is with one face and two hands holds aloft a vajra in the right and performs a wrathful gesture with the left while in a standing posture.

Pandita and Mahasiddha Gayadhara

The Pandita and Mahasiddha Gayadhara touches the seat with the right hand and holds a book in the left.

Mahasiddha Virupa and Damarupa

Descending at the left the Mahasiddha performs the Dharma Teaching mudra with the two hands at the heart.

Mahasiddha Damarupa holds a in the right hand and a skullcup in the left which rests on the upraised knee.

Hevajra

The wrathful tutelary deity with eight faces and sixteen hands stands in a dancing posture surrounded by the flames of pristine awareness.

Panjarnata Mahakala

Along the bottom of the thangka, there are three wrathful protectors.

At the center of the thangka, there is Panjarnata who is with one face and two hands holding a curved knife and skullcup to the heart supporting a horizontal stick across the forearms.

Shri Devi and Dumo Remati

At the right of the thangka, there is a form of the wrathful female protector Shri , Dumo Remati, with one face and two hands holding a spear in the right and a heart in the left and riding on a mule.

Damchen Dorje Legpa

Damchen Dorje Legpa is at left who is with one face and two hands holding a vajra in the right and a heart in the left, riding a .

Sakya Pandita with Panjarnata Thangka

In the thangka, there are  Sakya Pandita and Chogyal Pagpa.

Sakya Pandita and Chogyal Pagpa are accompanied by the Chakrasamvara lineage teachers.

This is a tentative identification based on the lineage teachers above and the protector deities of Panjarnata and Shri Devi below.

Sakya Pandita with  Manjushri Thangka

In the thangka, there is Sakya Pandita, Kunga Gyaltsen Pal Zangpo who is known as the sixth throne holder of Sakya debating with the Indian Tirtika Harinanda.

In a vigorous posture of the debate who is wearing a red Pandita hat and attired in the patched robes of a fully ordained monk.

Sakya Pandita performs the debating gestures of snapping the of the right hand prior to clapping with the left.

To the right of the thangka, there is a flowering bush with alternating white and red blossoms a symbolic staircase to the above.

Indian Harinanda

In front of the lower right, there sits the naked Indian Harinanda who is brown in color with long twisted hair.

Indian Harinanda is seated on an antelope and attended by a servant with a white turban.

Manjushri

There is the patron deity of Sakya Pandita the Stirachakra who is with one face and two hands and holding a wisdom sword and lotus supporting a Prajnaparamita book and seated within a glowing nimbus sphere of emanated light.

Jetsun Dragpa Gyaltsen

There are the root guru and uncle Jetsun Dragpa Gyalis at the right of the thangka.

is holding a vajra extended in the right hand and a bell turned up at the waist in the left.

Jetsun Dragpa Gyaltsen is attired in the variously colored garments of a layman and seated on an ornate cushion with a backrest. He resides above gently spreading clouds.

Chaturmukha Mahakala

There is the protector of the Guhyasamaja , Chaturmukha Mahakala at the left of the thangka.

Chaturmukha Mahakala is the wrathful visage of Brahmarupa Mahakala with four hands and charnel ground vestments of skins and bones.

He stands upon a corpse seat amidst the swirling flames of pristine awareness.

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