1st Karmapa Lama – Dusum Kyenpa

1st Karmapa Dusum Khyenpa Thangka Painting

1st Karmapa Lama – Dusum Kyenpa

Dusum Khyenpa is known as the 1st . Dusum Khyenpa is the founder of the (Kamtsang) branch of the Tradition. Dusum Khyenpa was born in Kham

He served as of after and founded the . He is becoming the seat of the incarnate Karmapa .

Dusum Khyenpa was the founder of the school and of its three main monasteries: Kampo Nenang Gon in 1164, Karma Gon in 1184, and Tsurphu Gon in 1189.

Dusum Khyenpa is known as dus gsum mkhyen pa in .

Biography of 1st Karmapa, Dusum Khyenpa Chokyi Dragpa

The 1st Karmapa, Dusum Khyenpa Chokyi Dragpa, (1110-1193) was born in Tresho (tre shod), Kham. His father was a Bhairava practitioner named Dorje Gon (sgom pa rdo rje mgon) and his mother was Latogza Gangcam Mingdren (lha thog gza’ sgang lcam ming ‘dren), and was given the name Gephel (dge ‘phel). His father gave him instructions in the traditions, including , and he is said to have met Vairochanavajra, an Indian alchemist who had previously been to the Chinese court where he drank a cup of mercury before the Emperor.

When Dusum Khyenpa was sixteen, in 1124, he took novice ordination with the Kadam Trewo Chokgi (tre bo mchog gi bla ma), a disciple of Ngok Loden Sherab (rngog lo tsA ba blo ldan shes rab, 1059-1109) and his uncle, Ngog Legpai Sherab (rngog legs pa’i shes rab, d.u.). gave him the name Chokyi Dragpa (chos kyi grags pa). He entered into two years of retreat at Treka Drag (tre ka brag) with other Kadam lamas, learning the Chakrasamvara and other tantric lineages of from Yol Chowang (yol chos dbang, d.u.), who was a disciple of Atisha himself, and Trarawa (dge bshes kra ra ba, d.u.), Yol Chowang’s disciple.

It is said that when Dusum Khyenpa was sixteen he was given a black hat woven from the hair of ten thousand (the physical hat the Karmapas don for their famous “black hat ceremony” was given to the 5th Karmapa by the Ming Yongle Emperor, r. 1402-1424).

At the age of nineteen Dusum Khyenpa went to Tibet, visiting a called Tolung Satang (stod lungs sa thang), where he received on logic and from Tolung Gyamarwa Jangchubdrag (stod lung rgya dmar ba byang chub grags, d.u.). He took final ordination with Mal Dulzinpa (mal ‘dul ‘dzin pa, d.u.). He also studied with a number of other Kadam , including Ga Lotsawa (rgwa lo tsA ba, d.u.), who gave him the the tradition later known as the Gonpo Karlug (mgon po kar lugs) which he had brought to Tibet, and Khampa Aseng (khams pa a seng, d.u.), a disciple of Ga, who gave him the teachings of the Jor Drug (sbyor drug). Both lamas were then residing at Gyal Lhakang (rgyal lha khang), a monastery in Penpo (‘phan po) that had been founded in 1012 by Nanam Dorje Wangchug (sna nam rdo rje dbang phyug, 976-1060). At Sangphu Neutog (gsang phu ne’u thog) he studied with the abbot Chawa Chokyi Sengge (phywa pa chos kyi seng ge, 1109-1169) and Patsab Lotsawa Nyima Dragpa (pa tshab lo tsA ba nyi ma grags pa), who taught him Madhyamaka.

At the age of thirty Dusum Khyenpa set out to meet Gampopa (sgam po pa bsod nams rin chen, 1079-1153), the ordained disciple of the great lay poet-saint (mi la ras pa, 1052-1135). At Dagpo Draka (dwags po drag kha) he first met and received teachings from Gomtsul (sgom tshul, 1116-1169) and Sharawa Yontan Drag (sha ra ba yon tan grags, 1070-1141).

He then proceeded to Dagpo Gompa (dwags po dgon pa) and received teachings and transmissions from Gampopa. He soon donned the garb of Milarepa’s disciples, training in the heat for nine months. Having shown great accomplishment, Gampopa sent him to Zangri (zangs ri) to continue his , where he sat for four months at a cave named Til and another month and a half at Pagmodru (phag mo gru), before returning to with Gampopa for another three years.

Dusum Khyenpa then trained with a number of teachers belonging to the nascent Kagyu tradition. These included Milarepa’s own disciple Rechung Dorje Drag (ras chung rdo rje grags pa, 1085-1161); Ponpug Tongyal (spon phug ston rgyal, d.u.), a disciple of Gardewa (rong pa ‘gar dge ba, d.u.); Kyangmo Pangkhawa (rkyang mo spang kha ba), a disciple of Metonp Kunga Nyingpo (mes ston kun dga’ snying po, d.u.); and Relchag Tontsul (ral lcags ston tshul, d.u.) of Daryul. From these and other lamas he received the full transmission of Gampopa’s teachings, his blending of tantic yoga ? such as , Chakrasamvara, , the Naro Chodrug (na ro chos drug) ? with Kadampa-derived monasticism. He also studied (lam ‘bras) with the Senpa Dorje Sengge (gsen pa rdo rje seng ge, d.u.) at Yarlung Pugmoche (yar klungs phug mo che).

Dusum Khyenpa spent the next several years in various places in southern and central Tibet and meditating in caves and returning to report his progress to Gampopa. Among the sites were Gyu Palri (brgyud dpal ri) and Shau Tago (sha ‘ug stag sgo/ sa ‘ug stag mgo), near Sakya. At one point he met a disciple of residing at a monastery called Shunye Bardzong (gzhu snye bar rdzong) who gave him additional Mahamudra instructions. While in southern Tibet, in 1154, Dusum Khyenpa founded a monastery called Lhalung (lha lung) in Lhodrag (lho brag), which later became the seat of Tsugla Trengwa (dpa’ bo gtsug lag ‘phreng ba, 1504-1564/1566).

When Dusum Khyenpa was about fifty years old Gampopa passed away, and, following some last advice that he should return to meditate at Kampo Nenang (kam po gnas nang), he returned to Kham. There he founded the monastery of Kampo Nenang, in 1164. Later, in 1184, he founded the first seat of the Karma Kagyu tradition, Karma Densa (kar+ma ldan sa), also known as Karma Gon (kar+ma dgon), which remained an occasional residence of Karmapas through to the 20th century.

After twenty years in Kham Dusum Khyenpa returned to Tibet, bringing with him a considerable amount of to distribute to the monasteries there. He stated that Gomtsul had charged him with founding monasteries in Tibet, to offer a Prajnamaramita written in gold to Dagla Gampo monastery, and to keep an eye on the violent and disruptive behavior of Lama Shang, Shang Yudragpa Tsondru Dragpa (bla ma zhang, zhang g.yu brag pa brtson ‘grus grags pa, 1123-1193). In 1189 Dusum Khyenpa founded Tsurpu Monastery (mtshur phu) in Tolung (stod lung), to the west of , which became the principle seat of the Karmapa incarnations.

Dusum Khyenpa famously made predictions about his future incarnations. He is said to have given a letter to his main disciple, Sanggye Rechen Peldrag (sangs rgyas ras chen dpal grags, 1148-1218), foretelling where his next incarnation would be born and instructing him to locate the boy and train him.

Dusum Khyenpa has an older appearance with gray hair and the head turned to the side. He performs the of teaching with the hands held at the level of the heart in the similitude of a . Atop the head is a black crown adorned with gold ornamentation – received as a from the Dakinis in acknowledgment of his realization.

Dusum Khyenpa is Wearing in the red robes of a fully ordained monk. Dusum Khyenpa is further attired in a meditation cape. Dusum Khyenpa wears an ornate and jewel-carved backrest covered with . Dusum Khyenpa sits in vajra posture gazing to the side

The gallery of Dusum Khyenpa contains the old that are preserved privately and in in different parts of the world.

18th Century Painting of Dusum Khyenpa

The thangka of lama teacher Dusum Khyenpa is from Eastern Tibet. The thangka of Dusum Khyenpa is made between 1800 to 1899 AD. Dusum Khyenpa is from Karma (Kagyu) and lineages. The size of the is 33.02×24.13cm. The base of the painting is mineral pigment on cotton. Presently, this thangka is the collection of .

Name Dusum Khyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Origin Eastern Tibet
Date Range 1800 – 1899
Lineage Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Size 33.02×24.13cm (13×9.50in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Collection Rubin Museum of
Dusum Khyenpa Thangka

Ga Lotsawa Zhonnu Pal

Ga Lotsawa Zhonnu Pa is appearing at the upper left of the thangka.   Ga Lotsawa Zhonnu Pal is wearing a red Pandita hat, monastic robes. Ga Lotsawa Zhonnu Pa is performing the mudra of generosity with the left hand.

Ga Lotsawa Zhonnu Pa is in a relaxed posture on a western-style chair with the right leg extended and the left folded.  Ga Lotsawa Zhonnu Pa is surrounded by radiant spheres and cascading rainbow light

Solitary Monk

Solitary Monk is on the left side of the thangka.  Solitary Monk is with the hands raised and joined in respectful devotion sits on a monk’s mat.

Chaturbhuja Mahakala

Chaturbhuja Mahakala is positioned in front of the thangka. Chaturbhuja Mahakala is known as the wrathful protector. Chaturbhuja Mahakala is with one face and four hands.

Chaturbhuja Mahakala is dark blue in color. Chaturbhuja Mahakala holding a curved knife and skullcup in the first pair of hands and a sword and spear in the second. Chaturbhuja Mahakala is surrounded by the orange flames of pristine awareness.

Ga Lotsawa

Ga Lotsawa is the upper left of the thangka. Ga Lotsawa is wearing monastic robes and a red Pandita hat. Ga Lotsawa is seated in a western-style chair.

Previously, we learned about the life of Dusum Khyenpa, the of Dusum Khyenpa, and depicting lama teacher Dusum Khyenpa thangka. Now, we are going to learn about the presentation of Dusum Khyenpa with Chokyi Lodro thangka.

Dusum Khyenpa with Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro thangka

The thangka of lama teacher Dusum Khyenpa with Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro is from Eastern Tibet. The thangka of Dusum Khyenpa with Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro is made between 1700 to 1799 AD. Dusum Khyenpa with Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro is from Karma (Kagyu) lineage. The size of the painting is 56.52×34.93cm. The base of the painting is ground mineral pigment on cotton. Presently, this thangka is the collection of Shelley & Donald Rubin.

Name Dusum Khyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Origin Eastern Tibet
Date Range 1700 – 1799
Lineage Karma (Kagyu)
Size 56.52×34.93cm (22.25×13.75in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Shelley & Donald Rubin

Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro is at the top center of the thangka. Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro is the first Tibetan lineage of what would later become the Kagyu Tradition who one of the four pre-eminent schools of . Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro is with short black hair, a mustache, and a goatee.

Marpa Lotsawa Chokyi Lodro wears the garments of a layman and with both hands performs the mudra of witness.

Milarepa

Milarepa is at the left of the thangka. Milarepa is the main student of Marpa. Milarepa is wearing long black hair, a simple white cotton garment, and a red meditation belt.

He holds the right hand up to the ear and the left is pressed to the ground behind. Milarepa is seated in a relaxed posture on a grey deerskin.

Gampopa

Gampopa is at the right of the thangka. Gampopa is the main student of Milarepa and the main teacher of Dusum Khyenpa. Gampopa performs with the two hands at the heart the mudra of Dharma teaching.

Gampopa is wearing a red cap with wide lappets. Gampopa is attired in the orange and red robes of a monk.

Hayagriva

Hayagriva is at the bottom left of the thangka.  Hayagriva is the wrathful activity deity of the Family. Hayagriva is red in color.

Hayagriva is with one face. The right hands of Hayagriva is holding a skull stick. The left hands of Hayagriva are holding a lick of red flame.

Vajrapani is at the right of the thangka. Vajrapani is known as the wrathful Lord of the Vajra Buddha Family. Vajrapani is blue in color with one face and two hands.

The right hands of Vajrapani hold upraised a gold vajra. The left hand of Vajrapani is in a wrathful gesture at the heart. Both wear wrathful vestments and are surrounded by the flames of pristine awareness.

Lama Teacher Dusum Kyenpa

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa thangka is from a private collection. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu), and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this thangka is Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Location Tibet
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

Lama Teacher – 1st Karmapa, Dusum Kyenpa

The thangka of lama teacher Dusum Khyenpa is from Tibet. Khyenpa is from Karma (Kagyu) lineage. The materialused to make this painting is Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton. He is monastic in appearance. This thangka is from a private collection.

Name Dusum Khyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Origin Tibet
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

Dusum Kyenpa Thangka

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa thangka is made in between 1900 – 1959. This thangka is from a private collection. He is monastic in appearance.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Date Range 1900 – 1959
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

Lama Teacher Dusum Kyenpa Painting

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa thangka was made in Tibet. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this thangka is Ground Mineral Pigment. This thangka is from a private collection.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Location Tibet
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

1st Karmapa – Dusum Kyenpa

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa thangka is from a private collection. He is monastic in appearance.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

12th Century Thangka of Dusum Kyenpa

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa thangka is from a private collection. This thangka is made in between 1200 – 1299. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this thangka is Ground Mineral Pigment on .

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Location Tibet
Date Range 1200-1299
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Paper
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

18th Century Thangka of Dusum Kyenpa

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa thangka is from a private collection. This thangka is made in between 1800 – 1899. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu), and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this thangka is Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Location Tibet
Date Range 1800-1899
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

Statue of Dusum Kyenpa

1st Karmapa Dusum Kyenpa Statue

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa statue is from a private collection. This statue was made in 1700 – 1799. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu), and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this statue is Metal, Copper Inlay, Silver Inlay, Gold Inlay.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Date Range 1700 – 1799
Location Tibet
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Metal, Copper Inlay, Silver Inlay, Gold Inlay
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

Lama Teacher Dusum Kyenpa Statue

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa statue is from a private collection. This statue was made in 1600 – 1699. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu), and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this statue is Metal, Mercuric Gild.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Date Range 1600 – 1699
Location Tibet
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Metal, Mercuric Gild
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

Dusum Kyenpa Statue

This lama teacher Dusum Kyenpa statue is from a private collection. He is from Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu), and Buddhist lineage. He is monastic in appearance. The material used to make this statue is Metal.

Name Dusum Kyenpa
Tibetan Name བླ་མ།
Chinese Name 喇嘛
Location Tibet
Lineage Kagyu, Karma (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Metal
Classification Person
Appearance Monastic
Gender Male
Collection Private

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