There are three general skill levels of thangka painters are hobbyist, professionals, and masters. You can find out the skill of the artist by looking closely at the lines, such as those used to make waves, clouds, and the faces of people, gods, goddesses, and animals.
The finer and clearer the lines, the greater the skill involved. A thangka painted by a master will cost more than one painted by a professional. The student painted .
Almost every object depicted in a thangka required outlining or linear detail. Outlining proper (bead) served to set off most objects from their surroundings, and it was used to demarcate the main subdivisions within them. Tibetan painters also used line drawings to develop the form or texture inside a given area, for instance within a swirling mass of flames or within the hair of a deity.
Furthermore, fine linear drawings were the main way of .
The traditional system of Tibetan medicine has been practised for over many centuries and is still popular for healing from different diseases. Tibetian medicine is essentially the combination of four tantras:
The first tantra is named as "Root Tantra" and here we can find the brief explanation of all possible diseases. It is compared with the seed.
The second tantra, named as "Explanatory Tantra" is composed of 31 chapters. It has an illustration of .
Thangkas and PaubhasPaubhas is a traditionalreligiouspainting made by the Newar people of Nepal. Paubhas depict deities, mandalas or monuments, and are used to help the practitioner meditate. The Tibetan equivalent is known as Thangka. For more than eight thousand years an artistic tradition of great skill and beauty has flourished in the Kathmandu valley.
As long ago as the 12th-century Newar painters, bronze casters and architects were famed across Asia and highly sought after for their talents. The emperor Kublai Khan .
Dusum Khyenpa is known as the 1st Karmapa. Dusum Khyenpa is the founder of the Karma (Kamtsang) branch of the Kagyu Tradition. Dusum Khyenpa was born in Kham
He served as Abbot of Daklha Gampo monastery after Gampopa and founded the Tsurphu monastery. He is becoming the seat of the incarnate Karmapa lamas.
Dusum Khyenpa was the founder of the Karma Kagyu school and of its three main monasteries: Kampo Nenang Gon in 1164, Karma Gon .
The last main step involving the application of colours was the rendering of the faces of the main figures. This was in effect the final stage of outlining, and sometimes a master painter would step in at this point and complete the painting of his student.
Of all the finishing details, the facial features demanded the most attention, and among these it was the eyes that received the greatest care. The painting of the .
The application of colour to the thangkacanvas involved two main steps first, filling in the areas of different base colours, and second, the subsequent shading and outlining of those areas.
To these steps there corresponded the two essentially different types of paint in the Tibetan palette
Mineral pigments (rdo tshon and sa tshon) and
The organic dyes or lakes (tshos)
The mineral pigments had to be mixed with a binder before being applied as paints. .
Steps for Preparing a Thanka Painting
The painters of Tibet pursued their art in an orderly and systematic I way. When creating thangkascroll paintings they proceeded through six clearly defined steps:
The first step was the preparation of the painting surface.
Second, came the establishment of a design on that surface by means of a sketch or transfer.
The third step involved laying down the initial coats of paint, and that was followed by .
The lineage of the Kenting Tai situpas can be traced to one of the main disciples of the Goutama Buddha, the Bodhisattva Maitreya.
Since that time there have been a successive chain of incarnations, whose achievements are recorded in Sanskrit, Chinese and Tibetan annals, a direct lineage that continues to the present day.
Origin of the Kenting Tai situpa lineage
There are twelve incarnations crowned as Kenting Tai Situ till now.
Furthermore, according to some historical records and .